Medicine Through Time Key Terms

  • Created by: Chlouija
  • Created on: 08-05-17 00:02
PREHISTORIC
Before writing began, in Britain this means before the Romans arrived in AD43.
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ABORIGINES
Native people of Australia who are hunter-gatherers.
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PHYSICIAN
Another name for a doctor.
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DISSECTION
The careful cutting and analysis of dead bodies.
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EMBALMING
Preserving the body for burial.
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PURGING
Vomiting or emptying the bowels.
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HYGIENE
Keeping clean, from the Greek name for Asclepius' daughter Hygeia.
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THEORY OF THE FOUR HUMOURS
Doctors from the time of Ancient Greeks until the Renaissance believed the four humours (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, black bile) needed to be balanced to ensure good health.
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CLINICAL OBSERVATION
Observing symptoms at a patient's bedside.
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HIPPOCRATIC OATH
The oath taken by doctors.
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THEORY OF OPPOSITES
Galen's idea that you should treat a condition with its opposite.
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THE ARAB WORLD
Countries in the Middle East and in North Africa.
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GALENIC MEDICINE
Everything that Galen wrote about medicine.
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BARBER SURGEON
A barber who also provided medical help, including small operations such as bleeding or extracting teeth.
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CRUSADES
In the Middle Ages, Christians from Europe fought the Muslim Turks for control of the Holy Land.
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MIASMA
Smells from decomposing material that were believed to cause disease.
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BACTERIA
Another word for microorganisms or germs.
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ANTIBIOTIC
A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria, e.g. penicillin, which are taken internally.
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ANTISEPTIC
A chemical used to destroy bacteria and prevent infection, used externally.
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CARBOLIC ACID
An organic compound originally extracted from coal tar to be used as an antiseptic.
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LIGATURE
A thread used to tie a blood vessel during an operation.
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LAISSEZ-FAIRE
A policy by the British government stating they are not to interfere with people's lives, they are their own responsibility.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Native people of Australia who are hunter-gatherers.

Back

ABORIGINES

Card 3

Front

Another name for a doctor.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The careful cutting and analysis of dead bodies.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Preserving the body for burial.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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