Germany 1918-1945

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Reparations
Compensation for the damage caused by the First World War on the grounds that Germany was to blame for the war
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Proportional Representation (PR)
The number of representatives from a given party is determined by the proportion of votes that the party gains nationally
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The SA
Set up in 1921 by Hitler to disrupt and intimidate opponents of the Nazis, the SA (stormtroopers or brownshirts) were primarily made up of ex-soldiers and members of the Freikorps
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The Freikorps
An organisation or ex-army members who were anti-communist
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Hyper-inflation
Inflation is when prices increase, so more money is needed to pay for the same things; hyper-inflation is where this gets completely out of hand and prices rise enormously
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Passive Resistance
Opposing government action in non-violent ways, refusing to co-operate, staging strikes, etc.
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Propaganda
Passing information to people to try to deliberately influence or persuade them in some way
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Concordat
A formal agreement. In this case between the Catholic Church and the Nazi Party
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Reich Church
Set up and controlled by the Nazis. Pastors had to swear an oath of loyalty to Hitler
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Confessional Church
Set up by Martin Niemoller to oppose Nazism. He was sent to a concentration camp in 1938
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Aryan
The Aryan people were a race of people thought to originate from Scandinavia and had features that included blonde hair and blue eyes, with a tall and athletic build
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Ghettos
Walled off sections in cities in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Ukraine in which Jews were contained. These ghettos were overcrowded with cramped conditions and there was little food or basic services. Hundreds of Jews dies each day in these places
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The number of representatives from a given party is determined by the proportion of votes that the party gains nationally

Back

Proportional Representation (PR)

Card 3

Front

Set up in 1921 by Hitler to disrupt and intimidate opponents of the Nazis, the SA (stormtroopers or brownshirts) were primarily made up of ex-soldiers and members of the Freikorps

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

An organisation or ex-army members who were anti-communist

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Inflation is when prices increase, so more money is needed to pay for the same things; hyper-inflation is where this gets completely out of hand and prices rise enormously

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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