Medicine Through Time

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19th century: who by and when was the Germ Theory published?
Louis Pasteur- 1861
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When was the public health act? What did it propose?
1875- local councils forced to provide clean water, proper drainage, toilets and sewage systems.Councils also forced to assign a medical officer of health
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when was the Black Death?
1348
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When was Hippocrates born?
460 BC in Cos
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What was Galens theory?
The Theory of the Opposites to balance out the humours
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Who was Galen supported by in the middle ages?
The church
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In the M.A what did they believe caused the black death?
The alignment of the planets, blockage, bad digestion and Jews
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Who whipped themselves to keep away the Black death?
The flagellants
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What did Al-Rhazes do?
He wrote over 200 books, including one about the difference between measles and smallpox
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what did Avicenna/Ibn Sina write?
a human encyclopaedia called The Canon
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Wat does the word Renaissance mean?
rebirth/revival of learning
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What did Paracelsus do?
Challenged traditional beliefs such as Galen which he could have been killed for
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What did Paracelsus believe?
That Religion still influenced it however that shaped of illnesses could cure them- e.g..: a plant called eyebright to treat eye problems
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What did Peter Chamberlen invent and how did it effect women?
Forceps, not as many women could be midwives as they could not go to Uni. so could not use equiptment/forceps properly
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Industrial period: What war helped Koch develop his investigation into bacteria and why?
The Franco-prussian war because Koch wanted to glorify Germany against France
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What did Koch discover?
That a particular bacteria caused a particular disease and learnt how to stain and identify different bacteria
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How did technology help spread his new ideas?
Communication services such as printing presses could publish and spread his ideas in newspapers
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What did Lady Mary Wortley Montague do?
She bought back the idea of inoculation from Turkey
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What did Edward Jenner discover?
Vaccinations
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Who was the first women to go to University?
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson
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Who discovered DNA and when?
Watson and Crick did in 1953
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Who made the first Magic Bullet drug and when?
in 1909 by Paul Ehrlich developed Saravarsan to treat syphilis
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Who, when and what was the second m.b?
In 1932 Gerhard Domagk developed prontosil to treat blood poisoning
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What helped Forey and Chain to develop and spread the use of penecillin?
WWII- used on many soldiers and the government funded them
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Card 2

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When was the public health act? What did it propose?

Back

1875- local councils forced to provide clean water, proper drainage, toilets and sewage systems.Councils also forced to assign a medical officer of health

Card 3

Front

when was the Black Death?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When was Hippocrates born?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was Galens theory?

Back

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