Medicine key individuals

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what was the hippocratic oath?
it ensured a high standard of care for patients
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what were the four humours?
ways of identifying disease in medieval britain- blood, phlegm, yellow bile, black bile
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why did the church support Galen's ideas?
he was ahead for the time that he was alive and as knowledge was hard to gain through dissection, Galens ideas seemed the most logical.
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what did galen think about the human jaw?
he believed that it was made up of 2 bones
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how disvesalius prove galen wrong?
using human dissection, he found that the jaw had one single bone and that the breastbone had 3 parts instead of 7
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what did William harvey discover about blood?
it was made in the liver to replace used blood, it was pumped by the heart and that there was a one way system
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What was Miasma?
the belief that disease travelled through the air
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what did Thomas Sydenham do?
he emphasised on observation and stated that doctors should visit the sick. he was considered the english hippocrates
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how was the smallpox inoculation found?
Jenner saw that milkmaids weren't getting small pox due to already having cowpox, he tested this theory on a young boy
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who was Louis Pasteur?
he came up with Germ theory which proved spontaneous generation wrong
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what was germ theory?
the idea that germs in the air caused disease, this helped develop vaccines
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What did Robert Kock find?
he found a specific bacteria that caused tuberculosis, using Pasteurs theory. he made many vacccines using this by straining bacteria
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what was Regimin sanitarium?
a campaign by the governement to adress Tuberculosis
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what was the Magic Bullet?
it was one of the first tablet cures used after a disease had manifested.
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how was penecillin discovered?
Alexander fleming found mould on bacteria on a petri dish, he found that this penecillin mould killed some bacteria in the dish
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who were Florey and Chain?
they purified penecillin and tested it on a patient who only died when the penecillin ran out, this caused America to mass produce penecillin for the war
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what was the public health report 1842?
to improve drains/sewers, remove refuge from the streets and to provide clean water
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how did John Snow find how cholera was spreading?
he found that cholera spread through a dirty water pump in Broad street
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What is Chloroform?
an anaestetic which was first used to help women in childbirth, it was dangerous and could kill if used incorrectly
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What is carbolic acid?
an antiseptic which Lister used to keep a surgens theatre clean, used in spray, to wash hands and clean instruments
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What did Florence Nightingale do?
she was a nurse in the crimean war and aimed to provide improved sanitation in hospitals and training for nurses, wrote 'notes on nursing'
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What did Watson and Crick find out about DNA in 1953?
it has a douvle helix structure, replicates and is hereditory- they won the nobel prize for medicine
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what was Transferrance?
the idea that disease was caught through contact with other things with the disease
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Card 2

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what were the four humours?

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ways of identifying disease in medieval britain- blood, phlegm, yellow bile, black bile

Card 3

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why did the church support Galen's ideas?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what did galen think about the human jaw?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

how disvesalius prove galen wrong?

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