medicine 1

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who was hippocrates?
A greek doctor. He managed to dismiss the idea that God caused disease and believed there was a physical reason for ilness.
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Name some treatments and discoveries of hippocrates?
The four humours (blood, black bile, yellow bile, phlegm) hippocrates believed that when these humours were unbalanced people became ill, so to make people feel better they tried to put this balance right. Most treatments were based on diet, exercise
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Name some treatments of hippocrate? 2
rest. He also used bleeding and purging. Hippocratic Oath ( doctors must respect life) and clininical observation (symptoms)
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who was Galen?
Galen carried out dissections on dead bodies, then drew anatomy diagrams. Galen was roman and operated on wounded gladiators.
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what were some of galens discoveries?
2nd Ad theory of opposites was aimed to balance the humours by giving patient opposite of their symptoms eg. to much phlegm (cold)= hot peppers.
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what else did Galen discover?
Arteries carry blood.
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What were some of the Romans ideas about disease
disease were sent by gods or the result of a curse put on u by someone else. Bad air which was bad smells in places like swamps. And an imbalance in a persons humours.
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how did the Roman Army affect progress of anatomy?
The Roman Army forts usually had hospitals that treated injured soldiers. The hospitals provided training for surgeons and physicians but a few were open publicly.
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Name some common treatments of ilness of Roman Britain.
Remedies were used throughout the empire and some were written down. Purging and blood-letting for humours. Prayers and offerings were made to God. Celtic and druid knowledge of herbs and plants were us Britain to make medicines.
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Name some examples of public health in Roman Britain.
they built their towns in areas away from swamps and marshes. Public baths. Aqueducts and pipes were built which brought clean water into towns. Sewers were built to take away human waste from homes. Sewers and baths.
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when did the Romans invade Britain?
Ad 49
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what impact did Romans leaving britain have on the public health?
public health systems were destroyed. Libraries full of books were dismantled. The invading tribes coudnt read so they were not interested about education or public health. War was the most important priority and money was mostly spent on the army.
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what was the only powerful thing that survived the collapse of the Roman empire?
Religion- the christian church.
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what did people in the middle ages believe caused disease
the theory of the 4 humours. Ilness was a punishment from god. Bad air.
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Name some treatments in the middle ages.
Doctors studied urine charts and astrology to diagnose and treat ilness. They had access to leechbooks which contained a mixture of greek and Roman ideas about medicine including herbal remedies. Village healers but mostly not doctors because expen
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name some treatments in the middle ages 2
expensive. Midwives. Wise women provided herbal remedies and advice on curing illness. Hospitals were places of rest and recuperation
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how did the christian church in the middle ages influence medicine
the church taught that ilness was a punishment from God. The church supported Galen and Hippocrates ideas because they fit with chistian ideas. The monasteries and conventshad the best libaries and some of them provided training for doctors.
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what were doctors in the middle ages not encouraged to do?
prove Galen or the theory of the 4 humours wrong,
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name some ideas of treatment of the black death.
looking at urine and using astrology. Most common treatment was bleeding. herbal remedies were popular treatments. Praying and fassting. Clearing up rubbish in the streets. Lighting a fire in the room or ringing bells to keep air moving.
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what did people think the black death was caused by? 14 centuary
Religion, astrology, Miasma (bad air), volcanoes, four humours, outsiders
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who treated the ill in the middle ages?
physicans ( trained at university) Apothecaries (recieved training but no medical qualification), Housewife physicians (wise women usually cheapest option and dealt with child birth), Monks and nuns ( Ran hospitals using church donations) , Barber s-
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Name some treatments and discoveries of hippocrates?

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The four humours (blood, black bile, yellow bile, phlegm) hippocrates believed that when these humours were unbalanced people became ill, so to make people feel better they tried to put this balance right. Most treatments were based on diet, exercise

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Name some treatments of hippocrate? 2

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who was Galen?

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what were some of galens discoveries?

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