Medical Ethics

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Define IVF.
In-vitro fertilisation. Multiple eggs are removed from the woman's womb, and fertilised by a man's sperm in the lab. Once this is an embryo, it is then transferred back into the womb and is hoped to now grow as a normally conceived baby.
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Define Artificial Insemination.
A man's sperm is collected and is artificially placed at the neck of the cervix, where it is hoped that the woman will fall pregnant easier. This donation can be made by either a husband (AIH) or a donor (AID).
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Define Surrogacy (full and partial).
When a woman becomes pregnant and carries a baby for someone else. Full surrogacy is when an embryo fertilised by IVF will be inserted into the woman's uterus. Partial surrogacy is the woman's own egg and a man's sperm.
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What is the Methodist view on on surrogacy?
Methodists have concerns about surrogacy, and believe that science should only be used to heal. In general, it is believed that surrogacy could be problematic (also in many other religions).
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What is Shariah Law, and what religion does it come from?
Shariah Law is Islam law, and in simple terms, is the legal framework for how those within the Muslim religion can live.
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How do Jehovah's witnesses feel about blood transfusions?
Jehovah's Witnesses do not agree with blood transfusions. They feel that blood is the 'source of life'. In addition, they believe that if God intends for them to die, then they must accept that.
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State two religious concerns towards AID.
AID was described as 'mechanical adultery' by Pope Pius XII. It could be seen as 'playing God', and many religions (such as Islam) believe that there should be no other interference - outside of a husband - in pregnancy.
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What is the Muslim view on when an embryo is a 'person'?
Muslims believe that Allah 'breathes life' in an embryo 120 days after conception.
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Define Agape.
Agape is the unconditional love of God.
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How does the saviour sibling process work?
Embryos are formed using IVF, and on the third day cells from each are taken and tested for the disease and compatibility. The successful cells are planted in the uterus as with a normal IVF treatment.
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What could be a possible negative side of saviour siblings?
The baby has only been created to save another child's life. A life has been brought into the world for the primary purpose of being a donor, and makes them 'second class' children. They will suffer at some point in their life due to being a donor.
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How does the Church of England feel about saviour siblings?
The Church of England agrees with saviour siblings to treat genetic disorders, as it can be seen as 'love thy neighbour'. However, they disagree with the use of this process for designer babies.
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How do Catholics feel about saviour siblings?
Catholics are against saviour siblings, as they say 'to use the most vulnerable human being' is not respectful of that child's dignity.
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State the ethical issues surrounding the idea of designer babies.
Many embryos are lost in the process. It could be likened to the Nazi master race. Gene lines will change the human race. It is one of the strongest examples of playing God. The weak will not be allowed to exist.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define Artificial Insemination.

Back

A man's sperm is collected and is artificially placed at the neck of the cervix, where it is hoped that the woman will fall pregnant easier. This donation can be made by either a husband (AIH) or a donor (AID).

Card 3

Front

Define Surrogacy (full and partial).

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the Methodist view on on surrogacy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Shariah Law, and what religion does it come from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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