Medical Ethics Key Words

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ABORTION
Termination of pregnancy in order to kill a foetus.
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ACTIVE EUTHANASIA
Deliberately choosing to end a persons life.
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ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION
Injecting semen into the uterus by artificial means.
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ASSISTED SUICIDE
Aiding a seriously ill person to kill themselves who would not otherwise be able to.
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CLONING
To make an identical copy of something.
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CONCEPTION
The action of conceiving a child.
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DIGNITAS
A Swiss group that helps people with severe or terminal illnesses to die with the help of doctors and nurses.
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DIGNITY
The state of being worthy of honour and respect.
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DOMINION
Having power or authority over something, to overrule it.
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EMBRYO
A fertilised egg in the first eight weeks after conception.
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ENSOULMENT
To gain a soul.
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EUTHANASIA
The painless killing of someone dying from an incurable, painful illness or an irreversible coma.
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FERTILITY TREATMENT
The use of medical techniques to improve the chance of conceiving a child.
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INFERTILITY
Not being able to have children.
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IVF - IN-VITRO FERTILISATION
The method of fertilising a human egg in a test tube.
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MEDICAL RESEARCH
Research to aid and support the development of knowledge in medicine.
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NON-VOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA
Ending someone's life painlessly when they are unable to ask, but you have good reason for thinking they would want you to do so.
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PASSIVE EUTHANASIA
Allowing a person to die by stopping medical treatment.
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PERSONHOOD
The quality of being an individual person.
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QUALITY OF LIFE
The idea that life must have some benefits for it to be worth living.
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RIGHT TO DEATH
The belief that people should have the freedom to choose to die.
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RIGHT TO LIFE
The belief that people should be allowed to live and should not have their life taken away form them.
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SANCTITY OF LIFE
The belief that life is holy and belongs to God.
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STEWARDSHIP
Looking after something so that it can be passed on to the next generation.
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SUICIDE
Killing yourself intentionally.
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SURROGACY
An arrangement whereby a woman bears a child on behalf of another woman.
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VOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA
Ending life painlessly when someone dying from an incurable, painless illness asks for death.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Deliberately choosing to end a persons life.

Back

ACTIVE EUTHANASIA

Card 3

Front

Injecting semen into the uterus by artificial means.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Aiding a seriously ill person to kill themselves who would not otherwise be able to.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

To make an identical copy of something.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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