Medical Ethics Key Terms

Please note that the definition for quality of life IS NOT the one you should use if you are taking GCSE AQA Geography!!

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Medical Ethics
Questions of morality that are raised by medical situations
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Abortion
Deliberate termination of pregnancy by the removal and termination of a foetus
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Embryo
A collection of cells that develops when a sperm joins with an egg; a foetus before it is 4 months old
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IVF
A form of fertility treatment where doctors extract a couple's egg and sperm and fuse them together to create an embryo, and then insert it back into the woman's womb
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Suicide
The process of taking your own life
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Assisted suicide
Providing a seriously ill person with the means to commit suicide
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Euthanasia
When someone is helped to die without pain before they would have died naturally
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Voluntary euthanasia
The situation where someone dying in pain asks another person to end their life painlessly
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Involuntary euthansia
Ending another person's life painlessly when they are unable to ask, but when there is a good reason for believing that they would want death (e.g. switching off a life support machine)
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Active euthanasia
When deliberate steps are taken to end someone's life (e.g. lethal injection)
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Passive euthanasia
When treatment to help the person to live longer is stopped (e.g. when a patient is not resuscitated)
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Quality of Life
Being free from undue pain, anxiety and pain; the extent to which life is meaningful or pleasurable
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Fertility treatment
Medical treatment that is used when people want to have children, but are unable to conceive naturally
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Pro-life
The view that abortion is wrong
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Pro-choice
The view that it is the couple's choice as to whether they want an abortion or not
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Clone
An individual organism or cell that is genetically identical to another one
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Sacred or Sanctity
Both words meaning holy, having something or God or the divine
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Genetic engineering
The deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Deliberate termination of pregnancy by the removal and termination of a foetus

Back

Abortion

Card 3

Front

A collection of cells that develops when a sperm joins with an egg; a foetus before it is 4 months old

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A form of fertility treatment where doctors extract a couple's egg and sperm and fuse them together to create an embryo, and then insert it back into the woman's womb

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The process of taking your own life

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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