Media - SS1 - Influence on Behaviour - Effects of Computers

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Which 2 psychologists support the positive effects of computers?
Valkenburg & Peter and Durkin & Barber
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What did Valkenburg & Peter research?
Social networking sites in adolescents
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What do they encourage and permit?
Communication and relationship building, and self-disclosure in shy individuals
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What is a problem?
Only adolescents = social networking sites may not have this effect on adults
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What did Durkin & Barber find about 16 year olds who play games on the computer?
Had superior measures of family coseness, activity involvement, school engagement, mental health, low levels of substance misuse and strong friendship networks than those who don't play games on the computer
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What is a problem?
Only 16 year olds
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Which 2 psychologists support that computers have a negative effect on behaviour?
Pearce and Daft et al
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Who did Pearce study?
Students
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How was information presented to them?
A- printed paper, B - a film of the printed paper, C - on a computer screen
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What were recall rates in each condition?
A - 85%, B - 27%, C - 4% = computers have a negative effect on recall
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What is a problem?
Only students = can't generalise
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What PAs of this research are there?
As he found that computers have a negative effect on recall, we know not to use them for educational purposes for example
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What did Daft et al research?
Computer mediated communications (CMC's)
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What did they have a negative impact on?
Feedback levels, communication cues, language variety and personal focus
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Are individual differences acknowledged?
All use computers for different things = all affected in different ways
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Valkenburg & Peter research?

Back

Social networking sites in adolescents

Card 3

Front

What do they encourage and permit?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a problem?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Durkin & Barber find about 16 year olds who play games on the computer?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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