Media Terminology

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POV or Point of View
Characters POV, from characters perspective
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Two Shot
2 people in the frame, shows the proximity
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Depth of Field/Deep Focus
contrast between aspects which are focused and sharp and those which aren't
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Focus Pulls
adjusting focus without breaking the cut
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Cross cut
intercutting of shots from two or more scenes
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juxtaposition of seemingly unrelated shots, which when combined make sense
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used for conversation scenes, alternates between over-the-shoulder shots showing each character speaking
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visual transition that appears as a brief interval with no picture
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High Angle
looking down onto the action or characters
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Tilted Angle
when the camera is tilted to show a lack of balance
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Cross Disolve
a gradual scene transition
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Continuity of Motion
the flow of action from one shot to the next
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Low Angle
looking up at the subject or characters
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Extreme Close up
shot that is very close to an object or frame e.g. someone's eye
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Establishing Shot
etablishes a location, location of the action
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sound that matches the image on the screen
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sound which exists outside the world of film, the characters can't hear it
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Ambient Light
light that is available to the film maker as opposed to artificial light
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sound that belongs to the world of film, the characters can hear this
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Dominant Ideology
system of ideas and ideals that refer to the set of dominant values
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an effect of contrasting extreme light and shadows
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visual signs and symbols associated with certain genres and their conventions
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aspect of representation surrounding gender or sexuality
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Irrelevant Sexualisation
when women's bodies are used to sell products even if it has nothing to do with sex
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when women (or men) are shown in positions that make them look foolish or controlled
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the distance between the characters and what it suggests
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Dominant Reading
type of reading which is put in place by the producers
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High Key Lighting
brightly lit sets and/or scenes
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Low Key Lighting
deep and distinct shadows
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things in the scene which have a greater significance or importance
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sound that acts in contrast to the image on the screen
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Long Shot
a shot that captures most, if not all, of the object e.g. a whole person
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Mid Shot
a medium length shot
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Close up
close up of the object - used to show full face of character for emotions
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Wide Shot
using a wide lens
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Over the Shoulder shot
a shot taken from over the shoulder of a character so the view sees what the character sees
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the position/location of the camera
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Bird's eye
looking down directly from above at rooftops and people's heads
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Eye level
a camera angle at eye level of the characters - could show equality between characters
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zooming in so the objects become larger
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Reverse Zoom
zooming out so the objects beecome smaller
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the act of the camera following the subject
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the camera, in a static location, moves left and right
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the camera moves from horizontal to vertical, as thought the ground is moving
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at the same height the camera moves left and right
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the camera is mounted on tracks on which it moves; this provides a very steady shot
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Bridging Shot
a shot cut used to cover a break in time, or other breaks in continuity
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Eye-line Match
the matching of eye-lines between two or more characters, this establishes a relationship of proximity and continuity
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Cross Fade
where the new image fades over the previous image before the previous image disappears completely
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Matched Cut
a cut joining two shots whose compositional elements match, helping to establish strong continuity of action
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Relational Editing
editing of shots to suggest association of ideas between them
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a series of shots or scenes that have a beginning, middle and end
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On Location
sequences that are filmed at a particular location as opposed to in the studio, this adds to authenticity
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scenes that are filmed in the studio
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used to give the light a particular tint
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that all people who are different from the 'norm' are classed as disabled e.g. the clinically obese and diabetic
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that disability is created by, and comes from, society
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that disabled people have to overcome their disability themselves without the aid of others
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visible on screen as a circle closing down over or opening up on a shot
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Sequence Shot
a shot take that extends for an entire scene or sequence, it is composed of only one shot with no editing
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


2 people in the frame, shows the proximity


Two Shot

Card 3


contrast between aspects which are focused and sharp and those which aren't


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


adjusting focus without breaking the cut


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


intercutting of shots from two or more scenes


Preview of the back of card 5
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