Media- Representations

  • Created by: Anna1905
  • Created on: 11-06-18 18:54
Gender F- Women in Journalism 2012
84% leading articles about men
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Gender F- Global media monitoring group 2010
76% men 24% women in TV
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Gender F- Ferguson
Cult of femininity= teenage mags prepare for feminised future
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Gender F- Wolf
Beauty ideal creates hegemonic ID
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Gender F- Tebell
Size 0 body replaces reality
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Gender F- Lauzen + Dozier 2005
73% 30s to 40s male 27% 20s to 30s female
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Gender F- Packer
2012 olympics 4.5% female coverage
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Gender F- Children now 2001
16% female rep in video games + sexualised
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Gender F- Dill + Thill 2007
60% female sexualisation vs 1% male sexualisation in video games
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Gender F- Laura Mulvey 1950s
Male Gaze
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Gender M- Reps
Hegemonic, masculine, dominant
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Gender M- New man
1980s magazines= emotional, treat women equally, fatherhood is imp
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Gender M- Rutherford
"bird, booze + football"
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Gender M- Children now 1999
10-17 yr olds= male rep are confident, funny, successful
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Gender M- Easthorpe 1990
Ideological myth
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Ethnicity- Stereotypes
Law breakers, threat, social problems, talentless, international problems
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Ethnicity- Hall 1970s-1980s
Policing the crisis= spread panic
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Ethnicity- Van Dijk 1991
Honeyford case= white man sympathetic Rushdie Affair=pakistani man insane
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Ethnicity- Philo + Beattie 1999
Less bc professional roles in TV
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Ethnicity- Cumberbatch 2014
Content analysis= 1/7 roles were EM
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Ethnicity- Cottle 2000
"us and them"
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Ethnicity- Hargrave
BC 2x potryal as criminals
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Ethnicity- Dowling 2007
Eastern-europe portrayed as scroungers, ***** women
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Working Class- Curran + Seaton 2010
Entertainment exaggerated
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Working Class- Butsch 2003
Figure of fun rather than professionals
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Working Class- Glasgow Media Group
Trouble + conflict
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Working Class- Jones 2000
Romanticised wc communities
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Working Class- Lawler
Worthless, disgusting chavs
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Working Class- Weltman 2008
Devalue wc taste
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Middle Class- Over-rep
More exposure than actual population
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Middle Class- Positive light
Mature, sensible, educated
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Middle Class- Families
Well functioning, norm, aspire to
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Middle Class- Media Gaze
MC dominate establishment
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Upper Class- Reps
Rich, powerful, well bred, superior
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Upper Class- Pluralists
Want to see lavish lifestyles
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Upper Class- Neo-Marxists
Celebration of hierarchy + encourages admiration
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Upper Class- Marxists
Form of distraction of wc problems
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Age Children- Stereotypes
Victims, cute, little devils, brilliant, brave, accessories, modern
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Age Children- Evans + Chandler 2006
Pester Power
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Age Youth- Stereotypes
Grumpy, lazy, violdent, rude
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Age Youth- MORI poll 2005
57% of stories= negative 40%= crime
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Age Youth- White 2012
40% dissatisfied with negative portrayal
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Age Youth- Cohen
Folk Devils
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Age Elderly- Cuddy + Fiske 2004
1.5% rep
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Age Elderly- White 2012
Elderly women= most under-repped
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Age Elderly- Szmigin + Carrigan 2000
Wary of using elderly models
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Age Elderly- Biggs 1993
UK promote old as forgetful and difficult
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Sexuality- Hetero vs Homo
Norm vs under-rep
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Sexuality SA- Gauntlett 2008
Tolerance in slowing increasing but still under-repped
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Sexuality SA- Stonewall 2010
"unseen on screen"= LGBT 4.5% portrayal on weekly TV
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Sexuality Sanitisation- Gill 2007
Gay men rarely sexually portrayed but deemed attractive to appeal to women
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Sexuality Sanitisation- Triple effect
Appeal to gay movement, not offend hetero market, not challenge hetero ideology but stick to hegemonic norm
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Sexuality Tolerance- Pink Pound
Media companies aware of gay market
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Sexuality Tolerance- Daily Mail 2008
BBC 145 complaints due to gay kiss on East-Enders before 9pm
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Disability SA- Sancho 2003
Content analysis= 11% identification on TV
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Disability SA- Broadcasting Standard Commissions 2003
80% disabilities= wheelchair acts as signifier
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Disability- Medical Model
Disabled/impaired physically or mentally
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Disability- Social Model
Barnes= media responsible for stereotypes Hevey= history of media oppression
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Disability- Stereotypes- Barnes 1992
Pitable, object of violence, evil, curious, super-cripples, own enemy, object of ridicule, burden, sexually abnormal, incapable of community life
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Disability- Philo 2010
"mad and bad" in TV
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

76% men 24% women in TV

Back

Gender F- Global media monitoring group 2010

Card 3

Front

Cult of femininity= teenage mags prepare for feminised future

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Beauty ideal creates hegemonic ID

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Size 0 body replaces reality

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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