Measuring crime & deviance: official stastics

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1. What is the dark figure?

  • Unrecorded/unreported crime, not recognised by victim as crime, not detected by police, highlighted by CSEW - many crimes reported to them not police, gap closing
  • Unrecorded/unreported crime, not recognised by victim as crime, not detected by police, highlighted by CSEW - many crimes reported to them not police, gap widening
  • Unrecorded/unreported crime, not recognised by victim as crime, not detected by police, highlighted by CSEW - few crimes reported to them not police, gap practically gone
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2. What is the role of the courts in the recording of crime?

  • Official stats reflect decisions & sentences of courts - social proccesses, pleading guilty to get highest sentence even if not guilty, 5% plead guilty, affects stats
  • Official stats reflect decisions & sentences of courts - social proccesses, pleading guilty to get lighest sentence even if not guilty, 75% plead guilty, affects stats
  • Official stats reflect decisions & sentences of courts - social proccesses, pleading guilty to get lighest sentence even if not guilty, 15% plead guilty, affects stats

3. The OCS may not be useful - what are exmples of this?

  • General public more intolerant of property crime as more materialistic report theft more, juvenile crimes - deviancy amplification spiral, victimless crimes like soft drug use/prositution more reported -depend on police arrests -varies by area
  • General public more intolerant of property crime as more materialistic -report theft more, juvenile crimes - deviancy amplification spiral, victimless crimes like soft drug use/prositution less reported -depend on police detection -varies by area
  • General public more intolerant of violent crime as more individualistic -report theft more, juvenile crimes - deviancy amplification spiral, victimless crimes like soft drug use/prositution less reported -depend on police detection -varies by area

4. What shows the important role the police play in the recording of crime?

  • One year approx 40% of all crimes reported to police dont appear in official stats,
  • One year approx 60% of all crimes reported to police dont appear in official stats,
  • Across 10 years approx 40% of all crimes reported to police dont appear in official stats,

5. Is the CSEW included?

  • Official stastics - data collected by police & courts, could be widedned to CSEW - collected by gov, victim survey, different methodology, info on criminals
  • CSEW - data collected by police & courts, could be widedned to OCS - collected by gov, victim survey, different methodology
  • Official stastics - data collected by police & courts, could be widedned to CSEW - collected by gov, criminal survey, ethics issues, different methodology

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