Measuring crime & deviance: official stastics

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1. What are the advantages of OCS?

  • Cheap, easy to access, no ethical issues, same categorisation so reliable, range of social categories/crimes - patterns, cover every area so good representativeness, Funcs/RR based on OCS being true - not social construct
  • Cheap, easy to access, no ethical issues, same categorisation so reliable, some limited range of social categories/crimes - patterns, cover every area so good representativeness, Data alwasy valid - why theories based on it
  • Cheap, easy to access, includes CSEW victim survey, same categorisation so reliable, range of social categories/crimes - patterns, cover every area so good representativeness, Funcs/RR based on OCS being true - not social construct
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2. How do Marxism evaluate the OCS?

  • Capitalist state/those with power to collect & construct stastics manipulate public opinion, serves interests of ruling class, Ideological function criminalise youth, w/c, black people, divides w/c as conformists distracted away from class inequalit
  • Capitalist state/those with power to collect & construct stastics manipulate public opinion, serves interests of ruling class, Ideological function criminalise youth, w/c, black people, divides w/c as conformists distracted away from gende inequalit
  • Capitalist state/those with power to collect & construct stastics manipulate public opinion, serves interests of ruling class, Ideological function criminalise girls, w/c, black people, divides w/c as conformists distracted away from class inequalit

3. Who said that the OCS may not be useful and why?

  • CSEW - OCS only tell us about increased reporting of particular crimes by general public & victims of crime, not actual increase itself
  • Pilkington - OCS only tell us about increased reporting of particular crimes by general public & victims of crime, not actual increase itself, hard to trust/compare stastics
  • Pikington - OCS only tell us about increased reporting of particular crimes by general public & victims of crime, not actual increase itself

4. The OCS may not be useful - what are exmples of this?

  • General public more intolerant of property crime as more materialistic -report theft more, juvenile crimes - deviancy amplification spiral, victimless crimes like soft drug use/prositution less reported -depend on police detection -varies by area
  • General public more intolerant of violent crime as more individualistic -report theft more, juvenile crimes - deviancy amplification spiral, victimless crimes like soft drug use/prositution less reported -depend on police detection -varies by area
  • General public more intolerant of property crime as more materialistic report theft more, juvenile crimes - deviancy amplification spiral, victimless crimes like soft drug use/prositution more reported -depend on police arrests -varies by area

5. What shows the important role the police play in the recording of crime?

  • One year approx 40% of all crimes reported to police dont appear in official stats,
  • One year approx 60% of all crimes reported to police dont appear in official stats,
  • Across 10 years approx 40% of all crimes reported to police dont appear in official stats,

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