MB1 - Intelligence Definitions

  • Created by: Psych951
  • Created on: 09-05-18 19:32
Intelligence
Ability to acquire knowledge, think and reason effectively and deal with the environment
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Binet's IQ
Ratio of mental age to chronological age
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Current IQ
Mental ability compared to rest of population of same age
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Psychometric Approach to Intelligence
Maps structure of intelligence and mental competencies needed
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Cognitive Processes Approach to Intelligence
Specific thought processes that underlie mental competencies
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Spearman's g Factor
g factor is the core of intelligence that determines performance along with any special skills
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Thurstone's theory
Not a single g but instead 7 factors that comprise intelligence
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Crystallised Intelligence
Apply previous knowledge to current problems using revival ability and practice
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Fluid Intelligence
Deal with novel problems using abstract thinking and working memory
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Carroll's Three-Stratum Model
Three levels of intelligence: General (g), Broad (8 basic cognitive functions) and Narrow (70 specific skills)
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Sternberg's Triarchic Theory
Underlying cognitive processes (meta-components, performance-components, knowledge-acquisition components) affect intellectual competence (analytical, practical, creative)
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Meta-Components
Cognitive processes of planning and regulating
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Performance components
Cognitive resources that are needed for meta-components
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Knowledge-Acquisition Components
Learning and applying knowledge by storing and connecting memories
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Gardner's Multiple Intelligence
Theory that says intelligence is a set of abilities that allow an individual to be adaptive in particular cultural setting
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Emotional Intelligence
Ability to perceive emotions, understand and manage them and use emotions to facilitate thought
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Weschler Test
Tests verbal and performance intelligence and overall IQ
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Theory-Based Intelligence Testing
Measures different types of intelligence based on theories
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Achievement Tests
Test what knowledge has been learnt so far to predict future performance
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Aptitude Tests
Novel puzzle-like problems that go beyond prior learning
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Psychological Test
Measure individual differences related to a specific psychological concept
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Reliability
Consistency of measurement
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Test-Retest Reliability
Consistent over time
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Internal Consistency
Consistent items in the test
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Inter-Judge Reliability
Consistent between judges
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Validity
Test measures what it claims to measure
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Construct Validity
Measures correct psychological construct
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Content Validity
Measures all skills underlying construct
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Criteria-Related Validity
Test correlates with meaningful predictive criterion
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Standardisation
Development of norms and controlled testing in which conditions are consistent
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Static vs. Dynamic Testing
Static - similarity in testing conditions; Dynamic - Follows standard testing with personal interaction and development
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Sternberg's Theory of Successful Intelligence
Intelligence is whatever is needed to meet adaptive demands of environment
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Flynn Effect
IQ worldwide is increasing
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Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
Believe something will happen making us more likely to facilitate its occurrence
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Stereotype Threat
Aware of a stereotype that we don't want to fit into, causing anxiety which then makes it more likely that we will fit the stereotype
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Intellectually Gifted
Top 1% of population with IQ of 130 or above
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Learning Disability
Mild to profound issues which reduce ability to understand new or complex information
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Ratio of mental age to chronological age

Back

Binet's IQ

Card 3

Front

Mental ability compared to rest of population of same age

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Maps structure of intelligence and mental competencies needed

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Specific thought processes that underlie mental competencies

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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