Matters of life vocab

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  • Created by: Kaia123
  • Created on: 24-12-15 10:55
Medical ethics
Arguments about what scientists and doctors should be allowed to do and what is right and wrong.
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Infertility
When a couple can't get pregnant through natural means.
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Fertility treatment
Medical technology to help people get pregnant.
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IVF/test tube babies
In Vitro Fertilisation. The egg is fertilised outside of the woman and then implanted in her womb.
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AIH
Artificial insemination by husband. Doctors use a syringe to put the partner's sperm directly to the egg.
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AID
Artificial insemination by donor. Doctors use a syringe to put a donor's sperm directly to the egg.
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Surrogacy
When a woman carries somebody else's baby through pregnancy to help a couple who cannot have children naturally.
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Embryology
Research and experiments using embryos.
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Hybrid embryo
An embryo that is a cross between two different species.
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Stem cells
Cells that are not specialised yet and can become any cell in the body.
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Umbilical cord
The tube that connects the baby to the mother while it is in the womb. (It is full of stem cells which can be used for research).
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Designer babies
Letting the parents choose the characteristics of their children.
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Savior siblings
Using IVF to make a child who is a close genetic match to save the life of another child who is sick.
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DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid or genes. They play a big part in our looks and personality. They can cause illnesses and disabilities.
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Genetic modification
Changing DNA to alter and enhance your abilities or get rid of illness and disability.
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Cloning
Making a genetically identical replica of a person, animal or plant.
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Medical trials
Experiments that use human volunteers to test out whether new drugs and medical technologies are safe and effective.
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Informed consent
Making sure that people agree to an experiment or medical procedure and fully understand what they are getting into.
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Hereditary illness
An illness that is passed on from one generation to the next and is determined by fault genes.
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Organ transplant
Taking a healthy organ from one person and using it to replace a sick organ in another person.
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Blood transfusion
Using blood from a donor to replace blood in someone who is ill or has had an accident.
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Gene therapy
Using a virus that replaces unhealthy genes with healthy ones. It only effects the part of thebody where you inject it.
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Germ line genetic engineering
Changing the genes of an embryo so that it spreads to every cell and gets passed on to the next generation.
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Theraputic cloning
Making a genetic replica embryo then using the stem cells to grow spare body parts.
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Reproductive cloning
Making a genetic replica embryo then using the stem cells to grow spare body parts.
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Reproductive cloning
Making a genetic replica embryo then implanting it into a surrogate so that it grows into a whole new organism.
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Live donation
Giving your organs while you are still alive.
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Cadaveric donation
Giving permission for your organs to be used after you have died.
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Regenerative donation
Giving organs or tissue that will grow back over time.
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Non-regenerative donation
Giving organs or tissue that will never grow back.
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Nazi human experiments
Brutal experiments carried out on human subjects without consent during WW2.
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Assumed consent
Unless people sign up to a refister to express their view it will be assumed that they give permission to harvest their organs after death (law in Wales)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When a couple can't get pregnant through natural means.

Back

Infertility

Card 3

Front

Medical technology to help people get pregnant.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

In Vitro Fertilisation. The egg is fertilised outside of the woman and then implanted in her womb.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Artificial insemination by husband. Doctors use a syringe to put the partner's sperm directly to the egg.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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