Materials and their significant properties

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Rubber (elastomer)
Tough, flexible, good solvent resistance, soft, high coefficient of friction, high elastic limit (returns to shape after deformation).
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Neoprene (elastomer)
Good resistance to UV light, performs well with oils and chemicals, very tough, high resistance to burning, high resistance to damage by bending or twisting. Stable over a range of temperatures.
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Cast Iron (Ferrous metal)
Strong in compression, brittle, good fluidity, machines well, good resistance to wear.
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Stainless Steel (Ferrous alloy)
Tough, hard, resists corrosion, hard-wearing, high tensile strength, ductile.
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Mild Steel (Ferrous)
Tough, ductile, high tensile strength, rusts easily.
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Carbon Steel (Ferrous)
Tough, can be hardened and tempered.
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Wrought Iron (Ferrous)
Fibrous, tough, ductile, malleable, resistant to rusting.
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Aluminium (non-ferrous metal)
Soft, non-magnetic, very ductile, low density, very malleable, high corrosion resistance, good thermal and electrical conductivity.
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Copper (Non-ferrous)
Ductile, malleable, conducts electricity and heat.
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Brass (Non-ferrous)
Hard, brittle, conducts electricity.
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Silver (Non-ferrous)
Ductile, malleable, resists corrosion.
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Lead (Non-ferrous)
Soft, heavy, malleable, loses its shape under pressure.
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Zinc (Non-ferrous)
Hard, brittle at most temperatures, malleable between 100o – 150o C, low melting point.
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Duralumin (non-ferrous alloy)
Ductile, soft, malleable, lightweight, corrosion resistant, machines well, age-hardens.
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Tin (Non-ferrous)
Malleable, ductile, anti-corrosive.
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Tungsten (Non-ferrous)
Extremely hard, brittle, tough.
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Polyethylene (Thermoplastic)
Tough, flexible, solvent resistant, low melting point, good fluidity.
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Polypropylene (Thermoplastic)
High strength, hard, high melting point, can be produced as a fibre.
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Polyvinyl chloride - PVC (Thermoplastic)
Can be extruded, high resistivity, can be made flexible or rigid, water resistant, age-hardens.
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Polystyrene - PS (Thermoplastic)
Tough, hard, rigid but brittle, can be made into light cellular foam, susceptible to chemical attack.
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Acrylic - PMMA (Thermoplastic)
Brittle, rigid, easily scratched, softens under heat and can be moulded, susceptible to chemical attack.
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Polytetrafluoroethylene - PTFE (Thermoplastic)
Tough, flexible, heat resistant, highly solvent resistant, has a low coefficient of friction.
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Polyamide - Nylon (Thermoplastic)
Tough, flexible, self lubricating and very strong, good solvent resistance.
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ABS (Thermoplastic)
Tough, flexible, good impact strength, good insulator, low softening temperature, good mouldability.
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Phenolic resins - Bakelite (Thermosetting polymer)
Hard, resistant to heat and solvents, good electrical insulator, machineable, can be moulded.
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Urea formaldehyde - UF (Thermosetting polymer)
High tensile strength, low water absorbtion, nonconductive, good heat resistance.
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Urea methanol resins - Formica (Thermosetting polymer)
Hard, resistant to heat and solvents, good electrical insulator, machineable.
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Methanal melamine resins - Melamine (Thermosetting polymer)
Very hard, high resistance to heat and solvents, good electrical insulator, machineable, very smooth surface finish.
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Epoxy resins (Thermosetting polymer)
Tough, good chemical and thermal stability, good electrical insulator, good adhesive.
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Polyester resins (Thermosetting plastic)
Brittle, good wear resistance, high resistance to heat and water.
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Concrete (Composite)
Tough, easy to work
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Glass reinforced plastics - GRP (composite)
Lightweight, tough, heat resistant, strong in tension and compression, less brittle.
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MDF (Composite)
Tough, easy to work
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Shape memory polymers (New material)
Returns to shape after working
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Piezo-electric crystals (New material)
Pressure produces current
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Good resistance to UV light, performs well with oils and chemicals, very tough, high resistance to burning, high resistance to damage by bending or twisting. Stable over a range of temperatures.

Back

Neoprene (elastomer)

Card 3

Front

Strong in compression, brittle, good fluidity, machines well, good resistance to wear.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Tough, hard, resists corrosion, hard-wearing, high tensile strength, ductile.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Tough, ductile, high tensile strength, rusts easily.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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