Marxist theory on Crime and Deviance

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Marxist's believe their is conflict. But who is the conflict between?
The Bourgeoisie and the Proletariats
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What two facts do Marxists believe to be true about crime?
Cime is a product of poverty and bought about by Capitalism
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What is the term used by Marxists to refer to norms and values that benefit the bourgeoisie in Capitalist society?
Capitalist Ideology
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To Marxists, Capitalism should be replaced with what?
Communism
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Chambliss came up with the term CRIMINOGENIC, what does this mean?
By it's very nature, Capitalism just being there, causes crime
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Slapper and Tombs have argued that corporate crime should be defined as law-breaking. What else have they stated?
White Collar Crimes should be aplied to crimes committed by the rich or powerful to benefit their own interests
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Marxists say businesses will try to maximise profit by minimising health and saftey. What is this type of crime called?
Corporate crime
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Give an example of crime against consumers.
Nestle - selling powered baby milk to West African's as a substitute, but resulted in the deaths of babies due to it having to be mixed with dirty water after supplies became low.
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A famous crime against a consumer was the Ford Pinto disaster but what was wrong with the cars?
They had mechanical defects that the company were fully aware of but did not resolve the issue
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Hughes and Langan explained crimes against employees but what did they say was the reason employees were killed?
25,000 people were killed at work, 70% of these deaths were due to the failure of management to meet safety regulations
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Croall studied the BP Oil spill, but what crime does this come under?
Environmental Offence crime
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Bonger believed poverty paired with individuals choises is the cause of crime. What is his evaluation point?
He identifies the aspect of free will as he explains that its about the individual choice too
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According to Pearce, who does health and safety legislation really benefit?
The companies as if the health and saftey legislation is shown to employees - they cant sue them and they wont have to pay compensation
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Selective law enforcement (pick and chose criminals bared on area) was explained by who?
Gordon
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Snider used Official Stats to illustrate how corporate crime has a bigger impact that streetcrime. And what was the statistic she used?
Corporate crime causes around 100,000 deaths a year, while it is only 20,000 deaths that are caused by streetcrimes
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The unfair power of the ruling elite has caused many criminals to change their prison sentences and punishments. Give an example in which this has happened.
The Guinness Affair
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What two facts do Marxists believe to be true about crime?

Back

Cime is a product of poverty and bought about by Capitalism

Card 3

Front

What is the term used by Marxists to refer to norms and values that benefit the bourgeoisie in Capitalist society?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

To Marxists, Capitalism should be replaced with what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Chambliss came up with the term CRIMINOGENIC, what does this mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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