Marxism and Crime

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 22-04-15 15:53
What is the cause of crime for Marxists?
Capitalism
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What characteristics of capitalism cause crime? (3)
1)It emphasises individual gain rather than collective wellbeing 2)it is competitive and emphasises the importance of winning 3) exploitative and some gain at the expense of others
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What does criminogenic capitalism mean?
That capitalism by its very nature creates crime
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How is capitalism criminogenic to the working classes?
Advertising tempts them to buy things they cannot afford, this leads to stealing
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How is capitalism criminogenic to the middle classes?
Encourages greed, they want to get as much money as they can so they avoid paying taxes
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Why may capitalism cause working class people to commit non utilitarian crime?
They face oppression at work/frustration that they cannot get a job so take their anger out on the local area by vandalising things
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Who are the laws in capitalist society seen to reflect the interests of? Give an example
The ruling class. e.g. Private property laws
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What does PEARCE (1976) argue about laws that are supposed to protect the w/c?
They have the additional benefit to capitalism by helping to provide a fit and healthy workforce e.g. Health and Safety laws. So such laws can be seen as having an ideological function
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How are laws enforced acc. to Marxists? Who do they favour?
They are enforced selectively. Crimes of the powerful, if discovered are rarely prosecuted. Those at the bottom of the class system who are caught are regularly prosecuted.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What characteristics of capitalism cause crime? (3)

Back

1)It emphasises individual gain rather than collective wellbeing 2)it is competitive and emphasises the importance of winning 3) exploitative and some gain at the expense of others

Card 3

Front

What does criminogenic capitalism mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How is capitalism criminogenic to the working classes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How is capitalism criminogenic to the middle classes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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