Marxism and Youth Subcultures

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  • Created by: doraga
  • Created on: 03-02-16 10:38
Marxism
Society is shaped by conflict between the bourgeoisie (ruling class) and the proletariat (working class). They believe that we live in a capitalistic society where some people have more material goods than others (inequality).
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Marxism and youth subcultures
Youth subcultures exist to resist to the status quo and to the exploitative nature of capitalism.
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Marxism and Resistance - Hall & Jefferson
Youth subcultures are resisting the unfairness of the economy (low wages/ unemployment) -eg. skinheads
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Marxism and Resistance - Hebdige
Bricolage- when style is rearranged or reordered to communicate new meanings.
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Marxism and Exaggeration - Clarke
Skinheades demonstrate an exaggerated working class masculinity.
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Marxism and Exaggeration - Hebdige
Mods demonstrate an exaggerated style of neat, nip dress that subverted middle class style.
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Marxism and Incorporation
Popular culture and high street stores 'incorporate' new cutting edge styles and thus the subcultures lose their cutting edge and uniqueness.
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Criticisms of Marxism- Neo- Marxists try to find meanings of youth subculture that don't exist
They try to relate youth subculture to social classes and inequality and this might change the real purpose of their creation (might be for fun, conformity to peer groups etc. instead of resistance)
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Criticisms of Marxism- They choose subcultures that are fitted in their analysis
They have ignored hippie subculture- middle class.
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Criticisms of Marxism- They focus on spectacular youth subcultures
Whereas most of the youth don't belong to a subculture- thus these studies represent the visible minority.
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Criticisms of Marxism- Feminism
They ignore girls in their subcultural analyses.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Youth subcultures exist to resist to the status quo and to the exploitative nature of capitalism.

Back

Marxism and youth subcultures

Card 3

Front

Youth subcultures are resisting the unfairness of the economy (low wages/ unemployment) -eg. skinheads

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Bricolage- when style is rearranged or reordered to communicate new meanings.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Skinheades demonstrate an exaggerated working class masculinity.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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