Marxism and Neo-Marxism

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1. What part does 'Cultural Capital' play and who said it?

  • Gramsci - Capitalists use their superior resources to advance
  • Bourdieu - the bourgeoisie have more cultural capital than the proletariat and this helps them maintain their position
  • Gramsci - the bourgeoisie have more cultural capital than the proletariat and this helps them maintain their position
  • Pikachu - Pallet is the capital of Kanto and has a rich culture
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2. What study relates to 'divide and rule'?

  • Castles and Kosack - black people are reserve army of labour to prevent white workers demanding higher wages
  • Castle Wars and Kosack dancing
  • Bourdieu - black people are reserve army of labour to prevent white workers demanding higher wages
  • Gordon - black people are reserve army of labour to prevent white workers demanding higher wages

3. What is the function of superstructure?

  • Produce goods and money
  • Reproduce the values and ideas (ideology) of the rulling class to create false class-consciousness
  • To fight evil!
  • To make society more equal

4. What is infrastructure?

  • The economic system and the way society produces goods
  • Roads, hospitals, schools, etc
  • Made up of social insittutes like family, mass media and education
  • Infra-red lights shinning on Jenga

5. What are the four critisms of Marxism?

  • Ignores conflict, no polirazation, economic determinism, lack of revolution
  • Too much emphaise on conflict, economic determinism, lack of revolution, no polarization
  • No polirazation, economic determinism, too much revolution, too much emphaise on conflict
  • Only about one guy, too much detail, lack of romance, not worth enough Marx in exams

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