Marxism

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  • Created by: caitlin
  • Created on: 18-05-16 17:27
The Ideological State Apparatus (ISA)
Controls people's ideas, values and beliefs. The ISA includes religion, the mass media and the education system.
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Althusser
The Ideological State Apparatus (ISA) controls peoples by ideas. Its main function is to maintain, legitimate and reproduce, generation by generation class inequalities in wealth and power.
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Bowles and Gintis (1975)
Education serves to reproduce the capitalist relations of production with appropraite skills.
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Willis (1976)
Pupil subcultures: lads and ear'oles.
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The Repressive State Apparatus (RSA)
When necessary to protect capitalist interests, the state uses force to repress the working class via the police, courts and army.
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The hidden curriculum
The correspondence principle operates through the hidden curriculum - all the 'lessons' that are learnt in school without being directly taught. Through the everyday wokrings of the school, pupils accept hierarcy, competition, alienation etc.
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The counter-school culture
The lads formed a distinct counter-cultures that was opposed to the school. Flouted school's rules; for the lads, such acts of defiance were ways of resisting the school's authority.
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Postmodernists
Argues that Marxism is out of date. The correspondence principle no longer operates or is at the very least too simplistic a view. Class dividiosn are no longer imporratn in a post-Fordists economy which is diverse and fragmented.
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Feminists
Schools reproduce patriarchy as well as capitalism. McRobbie points out that females were absent from Willis' study.
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Marxists disagree among themselves
How reproduction and legitimation take place. Bowles and Gintis take a deterministic view and assume pupils passively accept. Willis rejects this and shows how pupils may resist school and still end up in working class jobs.
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Romanticisation
Willis criticised for romanticising the 'lads', presenting them as working-class heroes depites their anti-school behaviour and sexist attitudes. His study of only 12 boys in 1 school likely to be unrepresentative.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Althusser

Back

The Ideological State Apparatus (ISA) controls peoples by ideas. Its main function is to maintain, legitimate and reproduce, generation by generation class inequalities in wealth and power.

Card 3

Front

Bowles and Gintis (1975)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Willis (1976)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The Repressive State Apparatus (RSA)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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