Marxism

HideShow resource information
Father of Marxism and dates
Karl Marx 1818 - 1883
1 of 10
Positivist or Interpretivist
Positivist
2 of 10
Structuralist or Internationalist
Structuralist
3 of 10
Base and Superstructure
Economy was the base of everything, and everything else rely on the base of society e.g. Keeping up with the Jones'
4 of 10
Dominant ideology
aspects of the superstructure acted as opium of the people; workers almost brainwashed into accepting their position in society; false consciousness
5 of 10
Alienation
bourgeoisie own the means of production; workers don't get a fair wage e.g. TNCs; rich remain rich and the proletariat remain poor (marginalisation)r
6 of 10
Historical Materialism
5 epochs, primitive community leads will finally end in socialist society
7 of 10
Gramsci
Thought Marx was mistaken in giving such importance to the economy; saw ideology as having relative autonomy from economic base
8 of 10
Hegemony
Placed emphasis on the role of ideas, rather than just the economy in maintaining the power of the ruling class and influencing peoples behavior
9 of 10
Althuser's three levels
not only base and superstructure, also the political level which referred to the repressive state apparatus e.g. police, army, courts and prisons.
10 of 10

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Positivist

Back

Positivist or Interpretivist

Card 3

Front

Structuralist

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Economy was the base of everything, and everything else rely on the base of society e.g. Keeping up with the Jones'

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

aspects of the superstructure acted as opium of the people; workers almost brainwashed into accepting their position in society; false consciousness

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Sociological theory resources »