Martin Luther King

What was consumerism?
After WW2, peacetime goods were produced the same as war goods, using the sam eefficient methods. Goods such as refrigerators, TV's, cars, vacuum cleaners and ovens
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How did the advertising industry influence peoples spending?
They offered 'buy now-pay later schemes so people spent the money
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How many million TV sets were sold by 1950?
7 million
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When and where was the 1st air conditioned shopping mall opened?
In October 1956, in Edina Minnesota
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What did the baby boom lead to?
More houses being built in the suburbs and consequently more cars
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What was the name of the bill in 1944 that gave a boost to people unemployed?
The Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI bill); unemployment benefits were given for a year. 9 million vets were given $4 billion.
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What % of goods did America make?
65% of manufactured goods, distributed especially to Europe due to the Marshall Plan
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What did President Truman introduce?
He introduced the 'Fair Deal'; increasing the minumum wage from 40 cents to 75 cents
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What % were still living in poverty?
25% lived in poverty, particularly in the South. No national health or sick pay
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What % of people over 65 had a low income and how much was it?
68% of people over 65. Income was less than $1000 (average factory earnings were over $ 4000)
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What was the change in income for a teenage boy at this time?
$2.41 in 1946 to $8.96 in 1956
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Who were role models to the rebellious teenagers?
Marlon Brando and James Dean
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What type of music became popular and What 2 music artists were liked?
Rock & Roll music / Elvis Presley and Chuck Berry
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What caused McCarthyism?
Increased fear of communism because USSR had increased control of Eastern Europe and the fall of China to communism in 1949 suggested it was spreading
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The HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee) was set up to investigate what?
Communist involvement in government, education, and film.
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Between what years were people investigated for communism?
1947 and 1950, millions investigated
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Why did 10 famous Hollywood film producers refuse to answer before the committee and what happened to them?
They argued that it was Un-american to question people's political beliefs and they were sent to prison for a year in contempt of court
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Why was Joe McCarthy famous at this time (1950)?
He made up stories that over 200 people carried communist cards, he led a witch hunt shattering people's reputations and eventually was accused of bullying when he accused 45 army officers.
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What was the Jim Crow laws?
Enforced segregated schools, parks and buses etc against African Americans
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What was the court case about Brown vs Board of Education 1954?
NAACP protested that black schools were not equal to white ones. Chief Justice Earl Warren ordered southern schools to be integrated
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What happened at Little Rock Arkansas in 1957?
President Eisenhowersent federal troops to protect 9 AA students . They stayed 6 weeks
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What was Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955-1956?
After Rosa Parks arrest MLK chose to boycott buses and the bus companies lost 65% of income on 1 day
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What happened in Birmingham Alabama?
MLK organised marches but extreme police chief 'Bull' Connor used water hoses and the police dogs attacked the marchers.
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When did MLK say his 'I have a dream' speech?
Following the march on Washington in 1963. 200,00 people gathered
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When was the Voting Rights Act ending legal barriers for all to vote?
1965
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When was the Civil Rights Act which banned Segregation?
1964
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How did the advertising industry influence peoples spending?

Back

They offered 'buy now-pay later schemes so people spent the money

Card 3

Front

How many million TV sets were sold by 1950?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When and where was the 1st air conditioned shopping mall opened?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the baby boom lead to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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