Mao - Topic 3: What was the impact of Communist rule on China's relations with other countries?

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Who were China's neighbours?
Russia, India, Tibet, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, North Korea and Vietnam
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Why was the relationship between China and Japan hostile?
'Rape of Nanjing' - Japanese used Chinese people as slaves and this still causes tension today.
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What were the actions of the GMD in 1949 concerning Taiwan?
Chiang and 2 million Nationalists occupied the island of Taiwan and they threatened to invade mainland China.
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What were the key events concerning Taiwan 1949-1976?
In the 1950s, the Communists captured some of the smaller islands around Taiwan and the ROC joined the UN in 1945.
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Why was Tibet an issue for China?
Mao's troops invaded Tibet in 1950 and in 1958 the Tibetan people rebelled, but it was stopped by the Chinese.
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How was the relationship between China and Tibet?
It was a strained relationship as the Chinese tried to destroy the power of religious leaders as well as persecuting Tibetan monks and destroying temples.
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Who was the Dalai Lama and where did he have to flee?
The Dalai Lama is a religious leader and he fled to India.
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How was the relationship between China and Hong Kong?
It was a complex relationship as Hong Kong was given to Britain in 1842 and it was capitalist which Mao was against but he didn't try to seize Hong Kong.
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How was the relationship between China and India?
Tense because the Chinese built roads to link Tibet with China. One road went through the Aksayquin province which India claimed as part of its territory. In 1962, fighting broke out between Indian and Chinese troops.
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How was the relationship between China and Vietnam?
Unstable because the Chinese were going to help Vietnam with their war, as long as they refused Russian help. In November 1968, Vietnam chose the help of the USSR which angered China.
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How was the relationship between China and Korea?
Shaky because the North and South had huge fights. China helped the North invade the South by sending 200,000 Chinese and the Americans helped the South to stop communism from spreading.
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What does 'Proxy war' mean?
A war instigated by a major power which does not itself become involved.
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Why did China get involved in the Korean and Vietnam wars?
China wanted to spread communism in Korea and Vietnam.
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Which of these relationships were a success for China?
Tibet was a success and India and Korea were a partial success.
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Which of the relationships were a threat for China?
Russia, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Vietnam were threats and India was a partial threat.
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How was the changing relationship between China and the USSR?
Initially, relations were good but the relations became frosty post 1953 until the 1980s.
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Why were relations with the USSR good at first?
The Korean War and friendship treaty strengthened the bond between them.
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What is meant by the phrase 'Sino-Soviet split'?
The deterioration of political and ideological relations between China and the USSR during the Cold War.
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Why did relations with the USSR turn sour post 1953?
Stalin died in 1953 and was followed by Khrushchev who Mao didn't like as he dislike his new ideas about Communism. The USSR and China broke their friendship treaty in 1960.
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How was the changing relationship between China and the USA?
Suspicious and unstable
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Why were relations with the USA bad at first?
In the 1960s, the USA was very suspicious of China, China played a decisive role in supplying and equipping the Viet Cong in Vietnam. The USA felt that China wanted to spread communism to other countries in South east Asia.
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Why did relations with the USA improve in the 1970s?
The USA finally allowed the admission of China into the UN and in 1972, China and the USA signed a friendship treaty.
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What are the attributes of a superpower?
Money, territory, military weapons, large population, political influence, good alliances and good policies.
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Which arguments suggest that China was a superpower by 1976?
In 1967, the Chinese tested their first hydrogen bomb, huge military presence, trade and investment was flowing into China from America, western Europe and Japan.
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Which arguments suggest that China was not a superpower by 1976?
China only had 60 bombers whereas the USA had 373, China had no ICBMs in the 1980s, China's wealth was calculated at $200 billion and the USA's was $1,600 billion.
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Card 2

Front

Why was the relationship between China and Japan hostile?

Back

'Rape of Nanjing' - Japanese used Chinese people as slaves and this still causes tension today.

Card 3

Front

What were the actions of the GMD in 1949 concerning Taiwan?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the key events concerning Taiwan 1949-1976?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why was Tibet an issue for China?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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