Manteca

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What is the date of recoording?
30/12/1947
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Describe the context of this time period
World war 2 (1945), Taxes - Cabaret - gain revenue for war, bigbands = luxury, no dancing = bebop
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2 Features of Bebop
Improvised solo, fast tempo, flatted 5th, swung percussion
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2 features of Afrocuban jazz
Conga, syncopation, clave rhythm, guajeo, call and response, added 7th,
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Describe the clave rhythm
Dotted crotchet, quaver, rest, crotchet, rest, crochet, crotchet, rest
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Define guajeo
Repeated 2/4 bar phrase which acts as an accompanimental ostinato. Punctuates rhythm and outline harmony
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Name the recording compnay and 2 other details about the recording process.
RCA Victor, 78shellac disk, 33.5rpm, electrical recording process
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Where was Manteca recorded?
...
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Who plays the Trumpet?
Dizzy Gillespie, Benny Bailey, Dave Burns, Elmon Wright, Lammar Wright Jr
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Describe main features of the trumpet in the intro
Solo in the last 8 bars playing the main theme with improvisation
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Describe the trumpet solos
Occurs in last 8 bars of intro, second B of verse 1, second A of verse 2. All improvised with bebop style
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Who plays the alto sax?
John Brown, Howard Johnson
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When is the alto sax heard?
First B section of verse1 is an alto sax solo with long note values. The alto Sax is also heardin part A of verse 1 in a call and response and in the outro
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Who plays the Tenor Sax
Joe Grayles and Big Nick Nicolas
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When is the Tenor Sax solo and what does it feature?
Part A of verse 2, featuring Big Nick Nicolas, playing glissando and swung rhythms. This also includes a quote of Blue Moon.Features ' the rhythm changes' - chord progression used for improv
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Other than the solo where else is the tenor sax heard?
The intro, link, part A of verse 1 with call and response theme.first 8 bars of outro
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Who plays the baritone saxophone?
Cecil Payne
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When is the Baritone sax heard and what does it feature?
7th bar of intro playing octave leaps in the bass, Link - call and response, outro
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Who plays the Trombone?
Ted Kelly, Bill Shepard
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When is the trombone heard?
Part A of V1 in a call and response theme, Part B of V2 in a brass ensemble
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Who plays the Piano?
John Lewis
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Who plays the drums?
Kenny Clarke
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Who plays the bongos/congas?
Chano Pozo
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When are the congos/bongos heard?
Introduction-cuban rhythm section introducing main rhythm, link, outro-mirrors intro
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Describe the structure of Manteca
Intro, Link, Verse 1(part A,A,B,B,A), Link, Verse 2(part A,A,B,A), outro
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Describe the introduction
Cuban rhythm section and bass riffs are introduced. The bass riff emphasises the first beat of the bar creating syncopation. Dom 7th chord with shouts of 'Manteca' after b5. Trumpet solo in b15 with 2bar phrases.
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Describe the solo in the intro
Played by Dizzy G, qith triplet quavers in a swung fashion. High pitched, short note values and chromatic notes. Features blue notes, flattened 7th/6th and flatted 5th
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Describe the links
Link 1 - 2bar chord sequence by brass and saxophones.n Homophonic. Link2 - 8bar rhythm section.
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Describe verse 1
16 bar call and response - sax and brass. 8 bars alto sax solo. 8 bars call and response
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Describe verse 2
Tenor saxophone solo 16 bars, Brass ensemble 8bars, trumpet solo.
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What is featured in the outro?
Similar to the first 6 bars of intro with rhythm section
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Describe the context of this time period

Back

World war 2 (1945), Taxes - Cabaret - gain revenue for war, bigbands = luxury, no dancing = bebop

Card 3

Front

2 Features of Bebop

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

2 features of Afrocuban jazz

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the clave rhythm

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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