Malcolm X, black power and black panther movements

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History USA: Malcolm X, black panther & black power movement: What did Malcolm X join and in what year?
He joined the Nation of Islam in 1952
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What methods did he reject of other prominent figures in the civil rights movement?
He rejected King's peaceful methods
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What did Malcolm X believe?
He believed violence could not just be justified for self defence but also to secure a separate black nation
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What were Malcolm X's early aims?
A separate black nation
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When did Malcolm X leave the Nation of Islam
1964
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What organisations did Malcolm X form when he left the nation of islam
Muslim Mosque Inc and The Black Nationalist Organisation of Afro-American Unity
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What did he change his views to in 1964?
He believed that Africans and Americans should have a stronger unity and he also pushed to end all discrimination
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What did Malcolm X do to gain tremendous support of young black people?
He was a strong speaker and was able to recruit many people to the civil rights movement. He also helped to raise many black peoples self esteem more than any other individual in the civil rights movement
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What did Malcolm X do for young black people in ghettos?
He set up educational and social programmes
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What did Malcolm X's views and ideas become?
They became the foundations of the more radical movements such as the black power and black panthers movement.
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How did the Black power movement emerge?
Out of anger and frustration expressed by young black Americans due to high unemployment rates and poverty
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Who was the leading spokesperson?
Stokely Carmichael
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What did he become in 1966?
He became the chairman of the SNCC
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What did he want blacks to have?
Pride in their heritage and them to adopt the slogan 'Black is beautiful'. Also he wanted them to take responsibility for their own lives and reject white help
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What happened in 1968?
During the Mexico City Olympiads Tommie Smith and John Carlos, both medal winners used the ceremony to promote black power. Tom wore a black glove on his right hand to represent black power, John wore a glove on his left hand to show black unity.
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When did he join the black panther movement?
1968
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When was the black panther movement founded and by who?
1966. Formed by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton.
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What was there aim?
A socialist society, were prepared to use force to achieve this.
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What did the panthers wear and what were they trained to do?
Uniforms, trained to use weapons.
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How many members did they have by 1968 and what happened to the party?
There were 5,000 members. They got into conflict with the police. Party disbanded.
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How many members did the Nation of Islam have as a result of Malcolm X?
Around 100,000
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What methods did he reject of other prominent figures in the civil rights movement?

Back

He rejected King's peaceful methods

Card 3

Front

What did Malcolm X believe?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were Malcolm X's early aims?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When did Malcolm X leave the Nation of Islam

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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