Making sense of religion

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Does Ayer think that we can make sense of religion?
Ayer argues in favour of logical positivism and as God cannot be empirically verified in either soft or hard verification then "all talk of God is essentially meaningless"
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How does Aquinas think that we can make sense of religion?
Through analogous language, which does not threaten to limit God and yet still carries meaning
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Aquinas was opposed to which methods of making sense of religion?
The via negativa and equivocal language
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How does Hick think that we can make sense of religion?
Hick introduces eschatological verification because religion will be proved true or false after we die, shown in the parable of the Celestial City.
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How does Wisdom think that we can make sense of religion?
He argues against the idea that we can in the parable of the gardener in which the theist adds qualification after qualification to God
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How does Flew respond to Wisdom?
He suggests that an idea can die the death of a thousand qualifications, once you have an invisible and intangible gardener you barely have a gardener at all.
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How does Wittgenstein believe that we can make sense of religion?
Religion is a separate language game with its own rules which means that scientific verification is in a separate language game, yet the discussion itself always carries meaning
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What does D Z Phillips add to Wittgenstein's argument?
Religion defines itself within its rules, and as such, cannot be criticised by external methods of evaluation
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What does Hare propose in response to Flew?
That religious ideas are not statements about the world which can be falsified, instead they are a "blik" which shapes how we view the evidence and the world
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How does Basil Mitchell respond to the gardiner debate?
In the parable of the resistance leader Mitchell argues that belief is a matter of trust, and that there is no clear empirical evidence against theism
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How does Durkheim view religion?
Religion is a diviinised version of society, whose effects are so significant in unifying society that it must have some meaning.
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Malinowski
Religion provides a structure for life, such as having a specific morning time. Religion also makes the believer feel in control. Therefore religion has meaning but not in the classic sense.
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Carnap adds something else to Ayer's argument. What does he add?
"God is a meaningless sound"
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How does Taylor see religion?
Religion is a psychological reaction and a form of animism born out of the relationship between us and seperate beings.
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How does Pareto see religion?
Religion is emotional and must be evaluated as such
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Through analogous language, which does not threaten to limit God and yet still carries meaning

Back

How does Aquinas think that we can make sense of religion?

Card 3

Front

The via negativa and equivocal language

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Hick introduces eschatological verification because religion will be proved true or false after we die, shown in the parable of the Celestial City.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

He argues against the idea that we can in the parable of the gardener in which the theist adds qualification after qualification to God

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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