Making a Living

Key terms and definitions for unit 2, topic 4

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Primary
Industry where people extract raw materials from the land or sea. e.g. farming, fishing, mining.
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Secondary
Industry where people are involved in manufacturing, where raw materials are converted into a finished product. e.g. car making, steel processing.
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Tertiary
Industry that provides a service. e.g. distribution, retailing, financial service, nursing.
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Quaternary
Industry that provides information and expert help. e.g. IT, biosciences, media.
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Pre industrial stage
Stage of the Clark-Fisher model where a low income country is dominated by primary production
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Industrial stage
Stage of the Clark-Fisher model where a middle income county is dominated by the secondary sector.
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Post industrial stage
Stage of the Clark-Fisher model where a high income country is dominated by the tertiary sector.
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Deindustrialisation
Process refering to the decline in manufacturing (secondary) industry and the corresponding growth in tertiary and quaternary industries.
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Informal
Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government. It does not form a part of a country's GNP.
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Urbanisation
The increase in the % of people living in towns and cities.
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Diversification
Creating more variety in jobs and industry so that people are not dependent on one activity.
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Brownfield site
An area of land that has been built on before and is suitable for redevelopment
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Ecotourism
The form of tourism designed to reduce the negative aspects of tourism on the environment.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Industry where people are involved in manufacturing, where raw materials are converted into a finished product. e.g. car making, steel processing.

Back

Secondary

Card 3

Front

Industry that provides a service. e.g. distribution, retailing, financial service, nursing.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Industry that provides information and expert help. e.g. IT, biosciences, media.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Stage of the Clark-Fisher model where a low income country is dominated by primary production

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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