Making of a Superpower USA 1865-1920 dates

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  • Created by: gemma1310
  • Created on: 16-05-16 19:27
Emancipation Proclamation
1863
1 of 91
10% plan
1863
2 of 91
13th amendment
1864-5
3 of 91
Wade-Davis Bill
1865
4 of 91
Freedman's Bureau
1865
5 of 91
Black Codes
1865-6
6 of 91
Civil Rights Bill
1866
7 of 91
14th amendment
1866
8 of 91
Alaska Purchase
1867
9 of 91
Johnson Impeachment
1868
10 of 91
15th amendment
1869
11 of 91
Gold scandal
1869
12 of 91
Knights of Labour
1869 - 8 hour day, child labour restrictions, 100,000 members by 1885, paralysed railroad company when they walked out, blamed for Haymarket Bomb Outrage
13 of 91
Transcontinental Railroad
1869 (track mileage tripled 1860-80) (15,000 passengers 1870, 1 million 1882) (Native americans not consulted)
14 of 91
Standard Oil created
1870
15 of 91
Civil Rights Bill 2
1870
16 of 91
KKK Act
1871
17 of 91
Panic of...
1873 (1 million unemployed, railroad miles decreased)
18 of 91
Credit Mobiler Scandal
1873
19 of 91
Salary Grab
1873
20 of 91
Whisky Ring
1875
21 of 91
Great Sioux War
1876 (gold found in Dakota, offered Natives $6 million, refused USA wiped them out)
22 of 91
Battle of Little Bighorn
1876
23 of 91
Comprimise
1877
24 of 91
Civil Service Reform League
1881
25 of 91
Alexander II's assassination
1881
26 of 91
Chinese Exclusion Act
1882
27 of 91
Pendleton Act
1883 (all fed gov jobs should be awarded on merit)
28 of 91
American Federation of Labour
1885 - only admitted skilled white men, higher wages and shorter days, 250,000 by 1892, made members by tax for strike fund
29 of 91
Haymarket Bomb Outrage
1886 - 8 hour movement was a failure. Killed a policeman and 6 others
30 of 91
Interstate Commerce Act
1887
31 of 91
Dawes Act
1887
32 of 91
American Protective Association
1887 (to protect schools from Catholic immigrants)
33 of 91
Pan-American Conference
1889
34 of 91
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
1890
35 of 91
Battle of Wounded Knee
1890
36 of 91
Omaha Platform (Populist manifesto)
1892
37 of 91
Populist get 1 million votes in election
1892
38 of 91
Pittsburgh Steelworkers strike
1892
39 of 91
Panic of... (2)
1893
40 of 91
Pullman Strike and Omnibus Indictment Act
1894
41 of 91
Populist movement swallowed by Democrats in which election?
1896
42 of 91
Dingley-Tariff Act
1897
43 of 91
Alaska-Yukon Gold Rush
1897-99
44 of 91
Spanish-American War
1898
45 of 91
Currency Act
1900
46 of 91
Great Coal Strike
1902
47 of 91
Department of Commerce and Labour
1903
48 of 91
Roosevelt blocked creation of Northern Securities
1904
49 of 91
Panama Canal
1904
50 of 91
Hepburn Act
1906
51 of 91
Panic of...(3)
1907
52 of 91
NAACP
1907
53 of 91
Mid-term election that Republicans started to lose ground
1910
54 of 91
Underwood-Simmons Tariff Act
1913
55 of 91
Federal Reserve Act
1913
56 of 91
Clayton Anti-Trust Act
1914
57 of 91
Adamson Act
1916
58 of 91
USA enter WW1
1917
59 of 91
KKK set up
1866
60 of 91
Colfax Massacre
1873
61 of 91
White League
1873
62 of 91
All states in the Union by...
1870
63 of 91
Cleveland majority of...
25,000 out of 10 million
64 of 91
Cleveland vetoed...
Pension acts and Texas Seed Bill ($10,000)
65 of 91
Population growth (1860-1880)
31.5 million - 50 million
66 of 91
Before 1860, how many cities had 50,000+ people?
16
67 of 91
Chicago's population 1850-1890?
30,000-1million
68 of 91
Why did the price of a wheat bushel drop?
Too dependent on single cash crop and there was too much competition
69 of 91
What was the annual economic growth in 1880s?
3.8% (GDP doubled)
70 of 91
Where did big businessmen have direct influence?
Politics - Republican party and mass newspapers
71 of 91
Vanderbilts
Fortune in steamboats, invested in railroads, replaced iron with lighter steel, manipulative of labour
72 of 91
Carnegie
British Bessemer converters to make cheap steel, sold empire to JP Morgan, didn't out competition but production (vertical integration)
73 of 91
Rockefeller
Secured cheap transport, secretly bought out companies (sneaky), Standard Oil 1870, controlled 85% of American oil
74 of 91
JP Morgan
Banking. Inherited $12 million.
75 of 91
Technology encouraged further economic growth
Thomas Edison (1879 lightbulb), Alexander Bell (1876 telephone)
76 of 91
How many slaves in the 1860s?
4 million
77 of 91
How many Americans died in the civil war
100,000
78 of 91
Homestead Act
1862 - 160 acre plots, farmland for 5 years
79 of 91
Timber and Culture Act
1873 - 160 acres (plant 40 acres with trees)
80 of 91
Desert and Land Act
1877 - 640 acres (irrigate some)
81 of 91
Sand Creek Massacre
1864 - 700 troops attacked undefended Cheyenne tribe
82 of 91
National Railroad Strike
1877 - Pay cut, other companies and industries striked, destroyed $10million worth of property, 25 kileld
83 of 91
How many immigrants came during Gilded Age?
10 million - looking for American dream from GB, GER, IRE, SWI
84 of 91
Push factors for immigratoin
Anti Semitism in Russia (Jews 5,000 in 1880- 90,000 1900)
85 of 91
Pull factors for immigration
Political equality, inexpensive land, religious tolerance, reduced fares, low interest rates
86 of 91
What % of the labour force were foreign in 1890
56%
87 of 91
What was the norm for AAs
Poverty
88 of 91
Black population 1870-1900?
4.4million - 7.9million
89 of 91
Jim Crow Laws
1887-1891
90 of 91
How many states had civil rights legislation by 1895
17 - statutes were weak
91 of 91

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

10% plan

Back

1863

Card 3

Front

13th amendment

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Wade-Davis Bill

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Freedman's Bureau

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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