Major features of science

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Objectivity
An approach to events that is characterised by freedom from interpretative bias/prejudice. It is a non-subjective approach based on the assumption that there is an external reality uncontaminated by internal interpretation.
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Replicability
Refers to the idea that good research should be able to be repeated and similar results achieved. Tied to the idea of reliability.
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Theory construction
Facts alone are meaningless. Refers to the idea that ideas/facts need to be constructed in order for them to make sense. From these facts, certain predictions can be made about the world around us.
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Hypothesis testing
Refers to the idea of checking whether theories are correct. This is done by forming a testable and unambiguous statement that can then be tested experimentally.
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Empirical methods
Refers to the idea that knowledge is gained through observation and the collection of facts through experimentation. All knowledge therefore comes from experience.
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Induction
This involves reasoning from the particular to the general (e.g. a scientist may observe instances of a natural phenomenon and come up with a general law/theory
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Deduction
Involves starting with a theory and looking for instances that confirm this
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Refers to the idea that good research should be able to be repeated and similar results achieved. Tied to the idea of reliability.

Back

Replicability

Card 3

Front

Facts alone are meaningless. Refers to the idea that ideas/facts need to be constructed in order for them to make sense. From these facts, certain predictions can be made about the world around us.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Refers to the idea of checking whether theories are correct. This is done by forming a testable and unambiguous statement that can then be tested experimentally.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Refers to the idea that knowledge is gained through observation and the collection of facts through experimentation. All knowledge therefore comes from experience.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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