Magstrates

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History
Richard 1st (1195) appointed keepers of the peace. in 1365 they became justices of the peace.
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Qualifications
- Do not have to have any qualifications in law. - Aged between 18 and 65. - Expected to attend 26 half days a year. - Must live locally.
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Character Requirements
- Good Character. - Understanding and Communication. - Social Awareness. - Maturity and Sound Temprement. - Sound Judgement. - Commitment and Reliability.
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Not Eligable if ...
- Serious Crime Convictions. - Undischarged Bankrupts. - member of the Force. - Those whose work is imcompatible with that of a magistrates. - Relatives working in the local crime unit. - Impared Hearing. - Cannot Carry out day to day duties.
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Appointment
- 1,500 new magistrates appointed each year. - Made by the Lord Chancellor. - Relies n recommendations
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Training
- Supervised by Magistrates Committee of the Judicial Studies Board. - Carried out in Local areas.
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Training divided into areas
1. Managing yourself 2. Working as a member of a team 3. Making judicial decisions. 4.Managing judicial decision making
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Civil Jurisdiction
- Enforcing council tax demands. - Family cases. - Welfare of Children cases (Children Act 1989). - Hearing appeals against the refusal of a lisence to sell alcohol.
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Criminal Jurisdiction
- Try all summary cases. - Try all triable either way cases. - First hearing of indictable offences. - Side matters concerning criminal offences. - cases in youth courts where the defendant is aged between 10 to 17, - Bail. - Verdict. - Sentence.
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Summary Trials
Can Fine: Level 1 - £200 Level 2 - £500 Level 3 - £1,000 Level 4 - £2,500 Level 5 £5,000. Businesses can be fined up to £20,000
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Magistrates Today
- 49% are women as apposed to only 10% for judges. - ethnic minorites are well represented. - in 1998 the first blind magistrate was appointed.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Qualifications

Back

- Do not have to have any qualifications in law. - Aged between 18 and 65. - Expected to attend 26 half days a year. - Must live locally.

Card 3

Front

Character Requirements

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Not Eligable if ...

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Appointment

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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