Lung Disease-Word+Definitions

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  • Created by: Kate
  • Created on: 23-03-14 12:30
Airborne disease
A disease in which bacteria can be transmitted through air. E.g. A droplet infection
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Accumulate
The building up of large quantities of a particular substance. E.g. White blood cells build up or accumulate at a sight of an infection
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Allergen
A normally harmless substance that causes the immune system to produce an immune response. E.g. Pollen
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Allergy
The response of the immune system to an allergen.
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Alveoli
Small air sacs that are specially adapted to have an efficient gas exchange surface.
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Asthma
A chronic illness in which there is resistance to air flow to the alveoli of the lungs as a result of the airways becoming inflamed due to an allergic response to an allergen.
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Bronchi
The main passageway to the lungs.
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Bronchioles
Smaller airways that branch off the Bronchi leading to the alveoli.
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Droplet Infection
An infection transmitted from one individual to another by droplets of moisture expelled from the upper respiratory tract through sneezing or coughing.
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Emphysema
A disease in which the walls of alveoli break down, reducing the surface area for gas exchange, which causes a person to feel breathless.
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Histamine
Substance released on tissue injury that causes dilation of blood vessels.
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Immunity
The means by which the body protects itself from infection.
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Pulmonary Fibrosis
A disease in which the epithelial lining of the lungs become scarred, irreversibly thicker and loose elasticity, this results is a person feeling short of breath and fatigue.
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Resistant Strains
Where a strain of bacteria mutates and antibiotics become ineffective.
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Transmission
The transfer of a pathogen from one individual to another.
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Vaccination
The introduction of a vaccine containing appropriate disease antigens into the body by injection or mouth, in order to induce artificial immunity.
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Ventilation
The movement of air in and out of the lungs.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The building up of large quantities of a particular substance. E.g. White blood cells build up or accumulate at a sight of an infection

Back

Accumulate

Card 3

Front

A normally harmless substance that causes the immune system to produce an immune response. E.g. Pollen

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The response of the immune system to an allergen.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Small air sacs that are specially adapted to have an efficient gas exchange surface.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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