Love Through the Ages- Novels

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Give four novels from the Victorian period?
-Wuthering Heights, -Jane Eyre, -Pride and Prejudice, -Tess of the D'urbervilles
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For Jane Eyre, what technique is used to create romantic descriptions?
Pathetic fallacy
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Give an example of pathetic fallacy during Rochester's proposal?
"A waft of wind...trembled through the boughs of the chestnut: It wandered away...it died."
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Give an analysis of "a waft of wind...trembled through the boughs of the chestnut: It wandered away...it died."?
The beginning shows Jane's turmoil and emotion is shown as she begins to prepare herself to leave Mr Rochester. This emotional turmoil is repalced with sheer joy as shown with the disappearance of the wind,
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What is another technique Bronte uses to show Rochester's and Jane's love?
Foreshadowing,
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Give an example of foreshadowing Bronte uses?
"the great horse-chestnut...had been struck by lightening...and half of it split away."
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Analysis of "the great horse-chestnut...had been struck by lightening...and half of it split away"?
The halving of the tree shows how the couple's happiness and marriage, something so great and seemingly unbreakable, will be ruined unexpectedly,
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Give an example of Brontes us of elements to show Jane and Rochester's passion?
"You are cold because no contract strikes the fire from you that is in you."
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Analysis of "You are cold because no contract strikes the fire from you that is in you"
It emphasises Mr Rochester's desire for a passionate relationship with Jane- He realises Jane is passionate in other aspects,
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In Wuthering Heights, what is love often explored through?
A semantic field of violence,
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Give a quote to show how Cathy resorts to self destruction?
"I'll try to break their hearts by breaking my own."
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Analysis of "I'll try to break their hearts by breaking my own."
"Their" is talking about when Cahty is unable to reconcile her passion for Heathcliff with her marriage to Edgar- The repetition of breaking shows her self destructive nature,
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What kind of atmosphere does Bronte create with the genre of the book and an example?
Bronte fuses idealised romance with gothic fantasy horror-"haunt me"
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Give an example of conflict between love/passion with status?
"It would degreade me to marry Heathcliff" vs "the greatest woman of the neighbourhood"
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Analysis of "It would degrade me to marry Heathcliff"?
The use of the word "degrade" suggests that she would feel humiliated if she were to marry beneath her and suggests she would almost lose herself if she married him,
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Analysis of "the greatest woman of the neighbourhood"?
Here, Cathy is realising that her marriage to Edgar would give her a social status in society and, unlike Heathcliff, would bring her glory and status,
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For Pride and Prejudice, how does Austen present society's views on love?
Austen mocks the depiction of English society in the novel suggests love isn't the greatest consideration for marriage, but more about economic necessity,
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Give a quote from Lady Catherine to show social class affecting love?
"you would not wish to quit the sphere in which you have been brought up."
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Analysis of "you would not wish to quit the sphere in which you have been brought up."
Lady Catherine here is identifying Elizabeth's lower social class which to her means a marriage between Elizabeth and Darcy is impossible. She suggests there would be no equality,
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Between what two characters does marriage occur for economic necessity and social expectation?
Charlotte and Mr Colins
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Give a quote to show this marriage was not about happiness or love?
"Happiness in marriage is entirely a matter of chance."
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Analysis of "Happiness in marriage is entirely a matter of chance."
This is presented as a practical marriage- One which society approves of. Charlotte Lucas marries Colins for stability and financial security while Colins marries her as he believes it it society's expectation,
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Give a quote to show Elizabeth and Mr Darcy's relationship overcoming barriers?
it converts from full hatred to complete admiration and satisfaction"
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Analysis of it converts from full hatred to complete admiration and satisfaction"?
This marriage is presented as the most complete- Mr Darcy overcomes his prejudice and Elizabeth overcomes her pride.
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How does Hardy present love between Angle Clare and Tess?
Idealised- Angel rejects the physical and earthly love in favour of somthin more spiritual and ethereal.
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For Tess of the D'ubervilles, give a quote by Angel to show idealisation of love?
"Daughter of Nature" and "Artemis"
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Analysis of "Daughter of Nature" and "Artemis"?
Angel here substitutes an idealized picture of Tess' country purity for the real-life woman he refuses to get to know. The quotw shows he favours a mental picture of her,
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Give a quote to show Tess' idealisation of love with Angel?
"There was hardly a touch of earth in her love for Clare"
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Analysis of "There was hardly a touch of earth in her love for Clare"?
Tess sees Angel as some kind of supreme being. This is emphasises by his first name, implying other-wordly goodness. She views him almost as a guardian angel.
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What symbolism does Hardy use to emphasise this idealism and analysis?
Brazil-It symbolises a fantasyland and a place where dreams come true.
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What religious story gives the novel a broader metaphysical and philosophical meaning?
The Gensis story of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden,
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Give an example of this in the book?
She Tess first sees Angel, "she reagrded him as Eve at her second waking might have regarded Adam",
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Analysis of the link between Tess of the D'ubervilles and Genesis story?
Angel-Adam Tess-Indecisive and troubled Eve, Alec-The conniving Satan. Alex seduces Tess, like the snake, under the tree, giving her sexual knowledge in return for her lost innocence. The forest, Chase, suggests how Eve will be chased from Eden,
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What era is the Colour Purple by Alice Walker from?
Contemporary/ Post-modern,
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For the Colour Purple, how does Walker present female relationships?
She presents female relationships as a means for women to summon the courage to resist oppression and dominance.
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Give a quote to show Shug and Celie's relationship?
"Hard not to love Shug, I say. She know how to love somebody back."
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Analysis of "Hard not to love Shug, I say. She know how to love somebody back"?
Shug brings about Celie's gradual redemption and her attainment of a sense of self. Their love shows female solidarity in a male dominated world,
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What motif does Walker use to show Celie's liberation from Shug's love?
"The colour purple"- It represents all the good things in the world created by God. She embraces this by decorating her bedroom in purples to symbolise her liberation,
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What symbolism shows Celie transformation into a full, unrepressed woman due to Shug's love?
Pants
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What is the symbolism of pants and her making and wearing them?
Like her love for Shug, it shows her breaking free from gender stereotypes. They are a symbol of liberation from patriarchy and sexism as well as economic liberation due to her successful business,
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What period was The handmaid's Tale by Margaret Atwood written?
Modern,
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Describe the setting of the Handmaid's tale?
Gilead is a hirarchal society-A totalitatian government runs this society which lacks freedom and choice,
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How does Atwood present love in this novel?
As a memory or a secret,
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Give a quote to show love is a memory?
"Like dried flower petals. Not recent. Old love"
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"Like dried flower petals. Not recent. Old love"
The use of the imagery of flowers shows love to be delicate and beautiful. However, it is presented as "dried" and "old", creating a semantic field of age and forgetting- She experiences no love in this society,
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What structure is the novel to show love is a secret between her and Nick?
The times she visits Nick are presented only at 'Night' with the lights off showing their love must be hidden and never revealed,
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Give an example of friendship love between the narrator and Moira?
"I still can't believe its her. I touch her arm again."
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Analysis of "I still can't believe its her. I touch her arm again."?
The narrator finally gets to touch and feel emotion with a peron she loves from her past- Her disbelief at feeling such love in an emotionless world is shown through the uses of the word "again".
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When period was 'To the Lighthouse' written?
Modernity
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What method does Woolf use when writing the novel?
Stream of consciousness- The novel is subjectively narrated in the third person by conscious thoughts and perceptions of each character,
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How is Mr Ramsay's relationship with his children presented in the novel?
Mr Ramsay is presented as a traditional father figure, -He favours a realistic and intellectual approach with his children,
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Give a quote to show Mr Ramsay's effect on his children in Chapter 1?
"the extremes of emotion that Mr Ramsay excited in his children's breasts by his mere presence; standing, as now, lean as a knife,"
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Analysis of "the extremes of emotion that Mr Ramsay excited in his children's breasts by his mere presence; standing, as now, lean as a knife,"?
The alliteration of 'e' creates harsh sounds, reflecting the spiteful emotions of the children, -Caesura shows Mr Ramsay breaks the flow and peace in the children, creating ange, -Simile- Comparison to a knife shows he is unforgiving, dangerous,
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Give a repeated image use through the novel to show James' feelings towards Mr Ramsay?
"Any weapon that would have gashed a hole in his father's breast and killed him, there and then, James would have seized it."
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Analysis of ""any weapon that would have gashed a hole in his father's breast and killed him, there and then, James would have seized it."?
Violent imagery is used to show the strong hateful emotions James feels towards Mr Ramsay and the barrier he creates between James and Mrs Ramsay's relationship,
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How is Mrs Ramsay's relationship with the children presented?
-Mrs Ramsay is presented as the traditional house wife and mother, -Mrs Ramsay has emotional intellect and its gentle and nurtures her children's dreams,
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However what technique does Woolf use at the end of the novel to show a reconciliation?
The point of view shifts rapidly between Cam and James as they watch their father, -The increase in pace of shifting points of view preapres the reader for the coming together of Mr Ramsay and his children,
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Give a quote to show Mrs Ramsay's matriarchal love towards James?
"as his mother spoke with heavenly bliss."
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Analysis of "as his mother spoke with heavenly bliss."?
He describes his mum as "heavenly" to highlight how he views Mrs Ramsay as a supreme being and in high accord, almost more than a mother,
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How does Woolf portray Mr and Mrs Ramsay's relationship?
-Mature love, -Soothing, -Reassuring, -Mutual reliance and dependence, -Living in symbiosis, -
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Give a quote to show portray Mr and Mrs Ramsays relationship?
"She assured him, beyong a shadow of a doubt, by her laugh, her voice, her competence (as a nurse carrying a light across a dark room assures a fractious child)"
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Analysis of ""She assured him, beyong a shadow of a doubt, by her lauhg, her voice, her competence (as a nurse carrying a light across a dark room assures a fractious child)"
-Her being comforts Mr Ramsay completely, -Mr Ramsay is describe with vulnerable, child-like imagery, emphasisng Mrs Ramsay's role as a maternal figure and the need to comfort and sooth one another,
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However, in Time passes, how is Mrs Ramsays death presented?
It is presented as trivial as Woolf has used brackets, isolating her. Woolf shows that human life is separable and almost insignificant as compared to nature,
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What is the signifance of Minta losing her broach before her marriage to Paul?
Woolf is highlighting how a woman loses her independence in marriage and the feminist ideas rising at the time, -Shoes move away from maternal heritage and connection to her family in her past, -Foreshadowing a lost love and the forced nature,
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How does Woolf present Lily Briscoe?
Lily Briscoe is presented as the new modern woman, -She refuses to marry at the end of "The Window" or give into gender roles,
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Give a quote to show Lily's views of love?
"what she called "being in love" flooded them, they became part of that unreal but penetrating and exciting universe which is the world seen through the eyes of love."
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Analysis of: ""what she called "being in love" flooded them, they became part of that unreal but penetrating and exciting universe which is the world seen through the eyes of love."?
-The speech marks Woolf uses exaggerates the stereotypical and cliche idea of love, also isolating it, creating a mocking tone, -"flooded"-Sense love overwhelms you but can also be destructive, -"penetrating"-unwanted, not pleasure,
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Card 2

Front

For Jane Eyre, what technique is used to create romantic descriptions?

Back

Pathetic fallacy

Card 3

Front

Give an example of pathetic fallacy during Rochester's proposal?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give an analysis of "a waft of wind...trembled through the boughs of the chestnut: It wandered away...it died."?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is another technique Bronte uses to show Rochester's and Jane's love?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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