Loftus and Palmer 1974

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1. Which two words from the first experiment were chosen for the leading questions within the questionnaire?

  • Smashed and Contacted
  • Smashed and Hit
  • Bumped and Collided
  • Bumped and Hit
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2. A weakness might be that the students may not have been under the same emotional strain as those in a real car incident leading to..

  • The findings not having validity
  • The findings not representing what the researcher wants to see
  • The findings not being replicable
  • The findings being heavily influenced by the experimenter bias

3. In the second experiment, how many pps were used?

  • 125
  • 150
  • 354
  • 200

4. Their use of a laboratory setting was a strength because...

  • They had clear controls such as all pps being asked identical questions. Their controls and documentation of the procedure meant that it was easy to replicate.
  • They were demand characteristics which is what they had initially stated they were looking for within their hypothesis at the start of their study.
  • They could be unethical and justify it for scientific research
  • It meant that they were able to obtain ecological validity

5. What experimental design was used?

  • Test retest
  • Repeated mesures
  • Independent design
  • Matched pairs

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