LING222 Grammar

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What is a morpheme?
smallest meaningful linguistic element
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What is the difference between a free & bound morpheme
free: can be a word by itself bound: is always attached to something else
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What is the root of a word?
it carries the main component of the word's meaning
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What is an affix?
invariably precede/ follow the root, infixation being very rare but rather more common in other languages
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Types of morphological word formation:
inflectional: meaning of word stays the same but some functional information is added concerning the semantic/systematic relation to other words in the sentence. Derivational: meaning of word changed drastically, often in category - prefixes/suffixes
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PDE vs. Older Varieties
collapse of the very rich OE system of inflectional morphology - correlation with changes in syntax
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What is a constituent?
a word or string of words that functions as a unit to some level of interpretation
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What is a unit of sense?
something that forms a unit syntactically does because it forms a unit in out interpretation of the sentence- syntax analysis must make sense
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If a sentence can make sense in 2 different ways, each way corresponds to a different syntactic analysis:
1. sentence fragment 2. substitution 3. movement (clefting&fronting) 4. coordination
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the difference between a free & bound morpheme

Back

free: can be a word by itself bound: is always attached to something else

Card 3

Front

What is the root of a word?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is an affix?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Types of morphological word formation:

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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