LING210 Fictional Conversations & Characterisation

What are the 5 ways conversational structure can be analysed
1. turn taking 2. topic control 3. volume of talk 4. terms of address 5. normal non-fluency
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How specifically can turn taking be addressed in terms of analysing the conversational structure?
1 frequency of turns 2. length of turns 3. turn allocation 4. adjacency pairs 5. interruptions
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What is Grice's cooperative principle?
make your contribution such as is required, at the stage at which it occurs, by the accepted purpose or direction of the talk exchange in which you are engaged
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What are Grice's 4 principles
1. quality: say what you believe to be true 2. quantity: give the appropriate amount of information 3. relation: be relevant 4. manner: be brief and clear
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What happens when a maxim is violated?
this is breaking a maxim in order to deceive and mislead
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What happens when a maxim is flouted?
this is breaking a maxim blatantly to convey an implicature
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What happens when a maxim is opted out of?
this happens when the speaker simply says they don't want to talk about this
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What is Goffman's theory of face?
our public self, can be divided into positive (the desire to be approved of) and negative (the desire to be unimpeded)
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Explain face-threatening acts:
face threatening acts are things such as requests and criticism. Politeness strategies are used to reduce face threats (e.g. interrogatives/ negatives/ impersonal structures etc.)
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Card 2

Front

How specifically can turn taking be addressed in terms of analysing the conversational structure?

Back

1 frequency of turns 2. length of turns 3. turn allocation 4. adjacency pairs 5. interruptions

Card 3

Front

What is Grice's cooperative principle?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are Grice's 4 principles

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happens when a maxim is violated?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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