Ling208 Phonology Lexis/ Semantics

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1. Explain joint attention in terms of lexical constraints

  • Children who spend more time in joint attentional frames learn more words
  • children in joint attention frames get more distracted and do not learn new word meanings
  • children like being in joint attention with a caregiver
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2. Why did Ambridge claim nouns are easier to learn than verbs?

  • because they start with a capital letter
  • because they are used more often in adult language
  • because they are conceptually easier

3. Under extension is:

  • a child uses a word in the incorrect context
  • a child refers to something as a word outside its category
  • the wrong ending is applied to a verb

4. In terms of lexical constraints- what is mutual exclusivity?

  • if we already give the name of the whole, children then label the part of the object
  • children do not learn the name of detail until very late
  • children use cancellation techniques to figure out word meanings

5. How is language used with activities?

  • the child talks during the activities
  • language serves as an accompaniment to each activity
  • it isn't

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