Ling208 Phonology Lexis/ Semantics

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1. Explain word organisation by morphological relatedness

  • patterns are made morphologically involving affixes and/ suffixes then applied to other contexts
  • the grammatical aspect of words e.g. suffixes hinder the learning of words
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2. How do children learn combinations of words?

  • some are already there e.g. compound words
  • they guess eventually
  • they have to link them in a special part of the brain
  • adults make the word boundaries unclear

3. In terms of lexical constraints- what is mutual exclusivity?

  • if we already give the name of the whole, children then label the part of the object
  • children do not learn the name of detail until very late
  • children use cancellation techniques to figure out word meanings

4. How is language used with activities?

  • the child talks during the activities
  • language serves as an accompaniment to each activity
  • it isn't

5. How do children work out word meanings?

  • follow lexical constraints and social cues
  • use their intuition

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