Ling208 Phonology Lexis/ Semantics

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1. In terms of lexical constraints- what is mutual exclusivity?

  • if we already give the name of the whole, children then label the part of the object
  • children do not learn the name of detail until very late
  • children use cancellation techniques to figure out word meanings
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2. Why did Gentner claim nouns are easier to learn than verbs?

  • because children hear them more often
  • because they are conceptually easier
  • because they start with a capital letter

3. Explain word organisation by morphological relatedness

  • patterns are made morphologically involving affixes and/ suffixes then applied to other contexts
  • the grammatical aspect of words e.g. suffixes hinder the learning of words

4. In what instances do children show less of a vocabulary 'spurt'

  • with siblings
  • without siblings

5. Explain how phonological similarity aids word leaning

  • children like hearing similar words
  • words that are phonologically similar are more likely to be learned together
  • words that are phonetically similar are not learned together as it is a hindrance to learning

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