Ling208 Phonology Lexis/ Semantics

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1. Under extension is:

  • a child uses a word in the incorrect context
  • a child refers to something as a word outside its category
  • the wrong ending is applied to a verb
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2. Why did Ambridge claim nouns are easier to learn than verbs?

  • because they start with a capital letter
  • because they are used more often in adult language
  • because they are conceptually easier

3. In terms of lexical constraints- what is whole object assumption?

  • children learn the whole object before any detail and assume an object has its name due to shape instead of semantic meaning
  • children learn words based on sound
  • children do not learn the names of entire objects
  • children learn detail before whole object

4. At what point do children learn many more words?

  • 50 words
  • 500 words
  • 1000 words
  • 25 words

5. In terms of lexical constraints- what is mutual exclusivity?

  • if we already give the name of the whole, children then label the part of the object
  • children do not learn the name of detail until very late
  • children use cancellation techniques to figure out word meanings


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