Ling208 Phonology Lexis/ Semantics

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1. In terms of lexical constraints- what is mutual exclusivity?

  • children use cancellation techniques to figure out word meanings
  • if we already give the name of the whole, children then label the part of the object
  • children do not learn the name of detail until very late
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2. Why did Ambridge claim nouns are easier to learn than verbs?

  • because they start with a capital letter
  • because they are used more often in adult language
  • because they are conceptually easier

3. Explain word organisation by morphological relatedness

  • patterns are made morphologically involving affixes and/ suffixes then applied to other contexts
  • the grammatical aspect of words e.g. suffixes hinder the learning of words

4. Explain joint attention in terms of lexical constraints

  • Children who spend more time in joint attentional frames learn more words
  • children in joint attention frames get more distracted and do not learn new word meanings
  • children like being in joint attention with a caregiver

5. Explain how phonological similarity aids word leaning

  • children like hearing similar words
  • words that are phonologically similar are more likely to be learned together
  • words that are phonetically similar are not learned together as it is a hindrance to learning


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