Ling208 Phonology Lexis/ Semantics

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1. How do children learn combinations of words?

  • adults make the word boundaries unclear
  • they guess eventually
  • some are already there e.g. compound words
  • they have to link them in a special part of the brain
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2. Over extension is:

  • the wrong ending is applied to a verb
  • a child refers to something as a word outside its category
  • a child uses a word in the incorrect context

3. Under extension is:

  • a child uses a word in the incorrect context
  • a child refers to something as a word outside its category
  • the wrong ending is applied to a verb

4. In terms of lexical constraints- what is whole object assumption?

  • children do not learn the names of entire objects
  • children learn the whole object before any detail and assume an object has its name due to shape instead of semantic meaning
  • children learn words based on sound
  • children learn detail before whole object

5. What is word organisation based on meaning?

  • synonyms are acquired through association with different activities and co-occurance with accompanying speech, and associative links between words are an important role in retrieval of information
  • words are organised based on sound and then associated with meaning
  • words are organised through syntax cues and word boundaries

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