Life After Death- Views

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  • Created by: Grace
  • Created on: 26-04-14 22:19
Which religions believe in resurrection?
Early christianity, judaism and islam
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What is eschaton?
the end of time- when God will judge all who have lived
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what is a redeemer?
whose coming would announce the eschaton i.e the messiah, Jesus
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outline the basic idea of resurrection
the body dies and will be brought back to life to be judged by God at some point in the future. After this the body will go to heaven or hell.
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what type of idea is resurrection?
materialist
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what theory tries to give a solution to the problems of resurrection?
Hicks replica theory
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what religions believe in reincarnation?
hinduism and sikhism
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is reincarnation a dualist or materialist idea?
dualist
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what is the basic idea of reincarnation?
the atman (soul) is reborn during samsara (cycle of life death and birth) the type of life they are born into depends on the karma from their previous life. the atman doesn't remember the previous lives.
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what is moshka?
union with Brahman in the ultimate reality, a final escape from samsara
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name 4 strengths of reincarnation
1. provides explanation for inequality in the world- people have bad lives because of their previous behaviour 2. explains deja vu 3. explains infant genius' 4. lots of evidence from people to support.
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name 3 weaknesses of reincarnation
1. if we forget past life how is reincarn. helpful? 2. based on dualism- many probs 3. steady growth in worlds population so are new souls created?
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what is rebirth?
individual is in a constant changing state due to environment and conditions, karmic law links each life together so individual is in union of all lives lived in the past. aim of life is to overcome rebirth cycle and reach nirvana by following Buddah
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name 2 strengths of rebirth
1. rebecoming forces person to think of implications on next life 2. attested by budddahs who achieved enlightenment
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name 2 weaknesses of rebirth
1. metaphysical- hard to prove 2. no conscious connection to each life so no motivation to live well.
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what religions believe in heaven and hell?
christianity and islam
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what are the islamic views of heaven and hell?
heaven- beautiful gardens, rivers of wine hell- fiery shoes, burnt 70,000 times a day, long tongues so other people stand on them
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what are the christian views of heaven and hell?
heaven- temple, where good people go hell- weeping, gnashing of teeth, eternal fire, the devil
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how is suffering in life justified by heaven?
people are rewarded when they die so makes suffering fair
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how did aquinas criticise hell?
said there was no chance of redemption
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how did hick criticise hell?
said it was morally revolting and self-contradictory
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what religion believes in purgatory and what is it?
roman catholics, like a waiting room where sins are cleansed so people can go to heaven, makes god more benevolent
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what is a different idea of hell?
an absence of god not a real place
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Card 2

Front

What is eschaton?

Back

the end of time- when God will judge all who have lived

Card 3

Front

what is a redeemer?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

outline the basic idea of resurrection

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what type of idea is resurrection?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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