Life After Death- The Soul

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  • Created by: Grace
  • Created on: 24-04-14 12:53
what is dualism?
the belief that humans have a non physical soul and a physical body and the two are separable
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what did plato think the soul helped us to do?
gain knowledge as it remembers the realm of the forms
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what did plato say the soul was made up of?
sprit, desire and reason
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which was the most important thing to lead the soul? what did plato compare this to?
reason- compared it to a charioteer guiding the spirt and desires
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what did plato think the soul recognised from the forms?
beauty and goodness
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name a quote from descartes highlighting his view of the soul
"i think therefore i am"
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what did plato mean by "i think therefore i am"?
in the process of thinking, it is shown that the 'i' (the soul) exists
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what did Ryle say about descartes view of the soul?
it was a category mistake- there is no soul in addition to the body, rather they are the same
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what is the soul?
the spiritual, non physical 'part' of a human viewed as the centre of a persons identity
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what is materialism?
the belief that humans are only physical
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name a materialist
dawkins
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what is dawkins view of the soul?
that it does not exist, genes develop self awareness (not the soul) as an evolutionary advantage
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what does dawkins believe about life after death?
there is no such thing- our genes are passed on to offspring- this is the only type of life after death
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what view did Aristotle take of the soul?
the soul is the formal cause of a human being, it is not separate. the soul is what gives us reason
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what materialist solution did hick give to life after death without a soul?
replica theory
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briefly outline replica theory
the soul is our character and cannot be separated, but it can survive if God resurrects or replicates our bodies
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what example did hick use to explain replica theory?
a man dies in london, but then appears in New York as a replica, he has all the same memories as the man dead in london so is the same person
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give three problems with hicks idea
1. is the new body really the same person? 2. presumes an existence of God. 3. how many replicas are possible?
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give 2 strengths of dualism
1. accounts of paranormal activity are well documented 2. physical explanations of consciousness are not comprehensive enough
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give 2 weaknesses of dualism
1. how can the non physical soul interact with the physical brain? 2. homunculus fallacy- if the soul controls us, is there something controlling it, and so on...
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Card 2

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what did plato think the soul helped us to do?

Back

gain knowledge as it remembers the realm of the forms

Card 3

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what did plato say the soul was made up of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

which was the most important thing to lead the soul? what did plato compare this to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what did plato think the soul recognised from the forms?

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