Liberalism - Origins

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What was liberalism a product of?
Feudalism
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What does this reflect?
The aspirations of the rising 'middle classes'
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In when centuries did feudalism begin to break down?
14th-17th Century
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What happened in the English Civil War? When was this?
17th Century. The middle class challenged the power of the absolute monarchy.
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What belief did this spring from?
The belief that every individual has a 'natural right' to input in to government
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What happened in the 18th century that embodied liberal ideology?
American Revolution (1775) and French Revolution (1789)
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What was this ideology portrayed as by the French?
'liberty, equality, fraternity'
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What does this mean?
Freedom from absolutism and a new, representative government
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What sped up liberalism in the 19th Century?
Industrialisation
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When was the first liberal government elected? Who led it?
1868. Gladstone.
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What were its principles?
Laissez-faire economics, fairly conservative
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What changes were there to liberalism in the 20th Century?
It became more interventionist (the enabling state), it became stronger after the fall of communism
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Where does liberalism exist today in the 21st Century?
All three dominant parties: Conservatives, Labour, Liberal Democrats
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What are the new threats to contemporary liberalism?
Fundamentalism
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Card 2

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What does this reflect?

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The aspirations of the rising 'middle classes'

Card 3

Front

In when centuries did feudalism begin to break down?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What happened in the English Civil War? When was this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What belief did this spring from?

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