Liberal Social & Political Reforms

  • Why Did the liberals bring it reforms
  • Booth & Rowntree
  • Majority & Minority Reports
  • National Efficiency
  • opponents to change
  • Child Reforms
  • Worker Reforms
  • Older Adult Reforms
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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 07-01-15 16:48
Who conducted an investigation in London on the working class and poverty?
Charles Booth
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When did Charles Booth carry out his research into poverty
1840-1916
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Who refused to accept that 25% of the working class live in poverty?
Charles Booth
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What did Charles booth report on?
Living conditions, income and spending of 4000 people
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What did Charles Booth find out?
31% of Londoners were living below the poverty Line
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What percentage did Booth find out were poor due to unemployment/poor wages?
85%
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Who wanted to find out if Booth's findings were representative in York?
Seebohm Rowntree
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Seebohm Rowntrees family were quakers what did this mean?
they treated workers better than normal
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According to Rowntree, how much could a family of 5 live off per week
21 shillings and 8 pence
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According to Rowntree what percentage of people were in poverty in york?
28%
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Rowntree said taht there were two types of poverty what are they?
primary and secondary
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What are the resons for primary poverty?
regular work but low wages, large families, death of main income
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Where did the pressure for social reform come from?
the fact that we were falling behind other countries in major industries
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What was the royal commision brought in to study by conservatives in 1905?
poor laws
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Name two people who were involved with the royal commission report
Charles Booth & Beatrice Webb
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Name the 2 reports published by the royal commision on poor laws.
Majority report & the Minority Report
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What did the minority report set up
Ministry of labour
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What did the ministry of Labour do?
set up national labour exchanges and oversees public work schemes
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What did the commison find in general?
poverty was a big problem that needed addressing
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What highlighted the fact Britain was not at its peak of efficency?
revelations about poverty, disease and physical state of working classes and falling behind in global trade and industries
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by helping the poor the liberals annoyed the conservatives...how?
increased taxation on the rich
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why did insurance companies oppose social reform
felt they would loose work
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Which political party made up the house of lords in 1906-12
Conservatives
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How did the conservatives block the reforms that the liberals proposed?
they blcoked the bills in the house of lords which they had dominated for many years (Peers)
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What are peers
people who have earnt their position in the house of lords due to hereditary ties.
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Who did the reforms help?
children, OAP's, the working classes, those in poverty.
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Name 6 reasons the liberals brought in their reforms
to create fit militant men, to create a fairer society, new liberalism, to prevent people voting labour, to have a good name for themselves, to look better than the Tori's
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by 1900 primary education was what?
free & compulsory
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Balfour's 1902 act did what?
gave local authorities the power to help existing secondary schools
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The liberals introduced the free place system what wa sthis?
25% of secondary school places were free of charge for the poorest families.
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Labour developed a bill for free school meals taht the liberals passed in?
1906
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Instead of going to jail, where did the children & other protective legislation say children should go if they are criminals?
juvenile courts
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When was the OAP act brought in?
1908
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by 1915 how many pensioners were there?
1 million
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What did trade boards do?
set up fixed minimum wages and working conditions
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How many trades were targeted by the trade boards in 1909?
4
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How many trades were targeted by the trade boards in 1912?
7 including coal miners
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Name a limitation of the trade boards act
there was till no minimum wage till 1999
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how many people were registered with the labour exchange act by 1914?
2 million workers
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Name a limitation of the labour exchanges act?
for every one worker who found a job, 3 workers did not.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When did Charles Booth carry out his research into poverty

Back

1840-1916

Card 3

Front

Who refused to accept that 25% of the working class live in poverty?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Charles booth report on?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Charles Booth find out?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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