Liberal Reform Quiz

The British Depth Study- Liberal Reforms

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1. Why did the Conservative Party oppose the reforms?

  • They wanted more reforms and said the Liberal Reforms were too limited
  • they said it was wrong to use taxes to help the poor- benefits would make them lazy and unwilling to work
  • They disliked being told how to bring up their children and hated having to pay National Insurance Contributions
  • they had to pay the taxes to fund the reforms
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2. What reform was brought out in 1908?

  • The Children's Act- it made it illegal to neglect or abuse children. Children under 14 were banned from pubs. Illegal to sell tobacco to children under 16.
  • Free School Meals- provides a free school meal for children of a poor family.
  • School Medical Inspections- Doctors and nurses went into school to provide a free compulsory medical check
  • School Clinics- These clinics were set up to treat children who had been diagnoses as having an illness

3. What was the labour Exchange Act 1909?

  • Only to help the sick
  • This was the main reform that set out to help the sick and the unemployed. it was in two parts. Part one dealt with sickness an part two dealt with unemployment
  • This act set up the first job centres. They were aimed at getting mean into jobs as quickly as possible so they would not be without wages.
  • Set up job centres and was aimed at men and women to get wages as quickly as possible

4. How did people find out about the poor?

  • Nobody found out
  • People could see them on the streets or asking for help
  • There were social investigations, the most famous being done by Charles Booth and Rowntree.
  • The government told people, the politicians were Charles Booth and Rowntree

5. Who was the main Liberal Reformer?

  • All of these
  • Herbert Asquith: prime minister. Was the head of the government during many of the reforms
  • David Lloyd George: Chancellor of the Exchequer during most of the reforms. He designed the national insurance act and the old age pensions scheme. He raised the money through taxes to pay for the reforms.
  • Winston Churchill: A keen supporter of the reforms who helped designed the nation insurance act and the labour exchanges scheme.

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