Liberal Reform Quiz

The British Depth Study- Liberal Reforms

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1. What did Rowntree do?

  • He published his work on the life of the poor. He carried out interviews with poor people. Collected huge amounts of data on the way poor people lived in London.
  • Published a book called Life and Labour of the People in London. He said 30% lived below the poverty line
  • Published his work on the life of the poor. He said that peopled needed 21s per week to live. He said people lived below the poverty line. People could help being poor, they were not paid enough to live on.Large families were the main cause in York
  • He wrote a number of studies. He carried out interviews with poor people, doctors, teachers and priests. He also collected data on the way the poor people lived. He said that people living in poverty were not responsible for their conditions
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2. Why did the Liberal Party win the 1906 election?

  • They were small and waned to spend much more on helping the poor and said the government should control important aspects of life and business
  • They were keen to help the poor and give the government more power. They ran a good election campaign.
  • Did not want to help the poor, only wanted higher class people
  • The Liberals ran a good election campaign and won a massive victory

3. What was the National Insurance Act 1911?

  • Only to help the sick
  • Only to help the unemployed
  • This was the main reform that set out to help the sick and the unemployed. it was in two parts. Part one dealt with sickness an part two dealt with unemployment
  • This act set up the first job centres. They were aimed at getting mean into jobs as quickly as possible so they would not be without wages.

4. Who was the main Liberal Reformer?

  • Winston Churchill: A keen supporter of the reforms who helped designed the nation insurance act and the labour exchanges scheme.
  • Herbert Asquith: prime minister. Was the head of the government during many of the reforms
  • All of these
  • David Lloyd George: Chancellor of the Exchequer during most of the reforms. He designed the national insurance act and the old age pensions scheme. He raised the money through taxes to pay for the reforms.

5. What was the first reform brought in in 1906?

  • The Children's Act- it made it illegal to neglect or abuse children. Children under 14 were banned from pubs. Illegal to sell tobacco to children under 16.
  • Free School Meals- provides a free school meal for children of a poor family.
  • School Clinics- These clinics were set up to treat children who had been diagnoses as having an illness
  • School Medical Inspections- Doctors and nurses went into school to provide a free compulsory medical check

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