Level of Consciousness and Ego Defences

Behaviour is influenced by different levels of consciousness and ego defences (Freud)

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The mind is like an iceberg…What are the 3 types?
The conscious. The preconscious. The unconscious.
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What is the conscious mind?
The small amount of mental activity we know about. It is logical and rational. EG – Thoughts and perceptions
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What is the preconscious mind?
Things we could be aware of if we wanted or tried but are not currently on our mind. EG – Memories, stored thoughts
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What is the unconscious mind?
Things we are unaware of and cannot access consciously. It may be accessed in dreams. It is a pleasure seeking and contains unresolved conflicts. EG – Instincts, deeply buries memories.
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What is an Ego Defence Mechanism?
Conflicts between the id, ego and superego create anxiety. The ego will use defence mechanisms to prevent is from becoming overwhelmed with anxiety.
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How does defence mechanisms help the ego?
Defence mechanisms helps the ego to cope and protects it by keeping us psychotically healthy.
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What are the 4 ego defence mechanisms?
Regression. Displacement. Projection. Repression.
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What is Regression and give an example?
To go back to an earlier development stage. EG-‘Being a baby’ instead of acting more ‘grownup’. If you want something and you don’t get it.
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What is Displacement and give an example?
Transferring impulses from one object to another. EG – Throwing/punching an object to vent out anger/frustration.
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What is Projection and give an example?
Attributing undesirable thoughts to someone else. EG- Saying to someone that they’re stupid, when you feel stupid yourself.
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What is Repression and give an example?
Pushing painful memories to the back of our minds. EG – not wanting to think about something bad.
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Card 2

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What is the conscious mind?

Back

The small amount of mental activity we know about. It is logical and rational. EG – Thoughts and perceptions

Card 3

Front

What is the preconscious mind?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the unconscious mind?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is an Ego Defence Mechanism?

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