Leisure and Tourism 1918-1979

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The Growth of Spectator Sports
Football clubs- 41,000 in 1985. Decline in support from 29.6m (69-70) to 24.6m (79-80). Hooliganism (British rail took of soccer special trains). 32m people saw England win the World Cup in 1966.
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The Wider impact of changes in viewing habits
£100m in advertising by 1983 compared to £1m in 1966.
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Sport and gender
Men made up 65% of viewers in the 60s. 17% of women participated in sport compared to 30% of men (1961). 500 sport centres in 1979.
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The rise of free time
Holidays with pay Act- three consecutive days of paid holiday. By March 1938- 7.75m workers enjoyed this benefit.
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Holidays between the wars
The seaside was popular and cheaper. Butlin's Skegness 1937. By 1939, there were 200 holiday camps.
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The impact of the Second World War on Tourism
Holidays were dissuaded. Holidays near home campaign.
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Post War holidays, Home or Away?
1951- 25m in UK, 2m abroad. 1971- 34m in UK, 7m abroad. 15m passengers in 1979 on aeroplanes. Explains 'yes' vote in EEC referendum.
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Cars
1904- 9,000 cars. 1939- 2 million cars. By 1939- 1.4m jobs in car industry. 1970- Car ownership 11.8 million. Ribbon development (build around transport routes). First multi-storey car park 1939. First out of town shopping centre in 1964.
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Planes
British Airways 1935, saved by 1939. Formed BOAC. Civil aviation nationalised 1946-87.
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Trains
Railway Act 1921- Four railway companies. Great Western, London, Midland and Scotland, London and North Eastern and Southern Railways. 1948- Nationalised as British Rail
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

£100m in advertising by 1983 compared to £1m in 1966.

Back

The Wider impact of changes in viewing habits

Card 3

Front

Men made up 65% of viewers in the 60s. 17% of women participated in sport compared to 30% of men (1961). 500 sport centres in 1979.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Holidays with pay Act- three consecutive days of paid holiday. By March 1938- 7.75m workers enjoyed this benefit.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The seaside was popular and cheaper. Butlin's Skegness 1937. By 1939, there were 200 holiday camps.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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