1. What can judges not be criticised for?
- Making their own law where Parliament has failed
- Using their own judgements when making decisions
- Departing from standards that don't exist
- Applying the law as it is in statutes
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2. According to Dworkin, where there is 'confusion about a statute or precedent, there are...?'
- Various methods of interpretation open to the judges
- Never any conclusive answers
- Right and wrong ways to read them
- No rules for defining them
3. How do judges really decide cases?
- They have a gut instinct to cases and find material to back this up
- They only apply the law as it is set out in statutes
- They choose the most moral outcome
- The follow public policy
4. Llewellyn disagrees that the sovereign is the law-maker, who does he think decides the law?
- The Public
5. Who agrees with realists that 'rules are not always conclusive' but then says that 'some rules can have an agreed upon meaning'?
- Oliver Wendell-Holmes