Left Realism

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  • Created by: ncs1997
  • Created on: 13-04-15 12:37
What 2 factors has left realism developed as a response to?
The need to take the rising crime rate seriously and produce practicle solutions, and the influence of right realism of government policy.
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Which 3 sociological perpectives do they cricitise for not taking crime seriously?
Traditional Marxists - ignore working class crimes. Neo-Marxism - romanticise working class criminals. Labelling theorists - ignore actual victims of crime and just look at offenders as victims.
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What is an aetiological crisis?
A crisis in explanation for theories of the increasing crime rate. Critical criminologists and labelling theorists deny the increase is real. However left realists argue it is true.
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Lea and Young
Crime has its roots in relative deprivation, so how deprived people feel in relation to others. Today people are better off, but they are more aware of their relative deprivation.
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What other factor does Young argue must also be included to make a 'lethal combination'?
Individualism - the concern with one's own self an individual rights. This causes the disintegration of families and communities.
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What is left realists definition of a subculture?
A group's collective solution to the problem of relative deprivation.
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How does marginalisation cause crime?
Marginalised groups lack clear goals and organisations to represent them. They then express frustration through criminal means.
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How has late modernity increased crime?
Since the 1970s, instability, insecurity and exclusion have increased. There has been a loss of unskilled jobs and there is greater inequality between rich and poor.
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How are cultural inclusion and economic exclusion a source of relative deprivation?
The greater contrast between the 2 mean that whilst even the poor have access to the media's materialist, consumerist messages (cultural inclusion), the poor are systematically excluded from opportunities to gain the top 'prizes' (economic exclusion)
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How do Kinsey, Lea and Young argue that policing and control should be improved to tackle crime?
The public must become more involved in determining the police's priorities and style of policing. The police depend on the public to provide them with information, however they are losing the public's support. This results in military policing.
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What is left realists main solution to crime?
Major structural changes are needed as the main causes of crime lie in the unequal structure of society. Therefore we must be more tolerant of diversity and cease stereotyping.
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How have left realists influenced government policy?
They are similar to New Labour by being tough on crime and the causes of crime. However, Young argues that many of their policies are attempts to recreate the 1950s and they have only tried to deal with the symptoms of crime, not the causes.
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What are 5 criticisms of left realism?
It ignores crimes of the powerful. Doesn't use any qualitative data. Assume value consensus exists. Not everyone with relative deprivation commits crime. It focuses on high-crime inner-cities and so is unrepresentative.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Traditional Marxists - ignore working class crimes. Neo-Marxism - romanticise working class criminals. Labelling theorists - ignore actual victims of crime and just look at offenders as victims.

Back

Which 3 sociological perpectives do they cricitise for not taking crime seriously?

Card 3

Front

A crisis in explanation for theories of the increasing crime rate. Critical criminologists and labelling theorists deny the increase is real. However left realists argue it is true.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Crime has its roots in relative deprivation, so how deprived people feel in relation to others. Today people are better off, but they are more aware of their relative deprivation.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Individualism - the concern with one's own self an individual rights. This causes the disintegration of families and communities.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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