Left Realist Solutions to Crime

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1. Which left realists suggest a way to fix the structural causes of crime?

  • Lea and Young - Crime can only be reduced/eliminated by improving peoples opportunities to achieve a decent standard of living, this must be done by reducing income and wealth inequalities, decent jobs for all, good housing & inner city enviroments
  • Sherman&Strang - Crime can only be reduced/eliminated by improving peoples opportunities to achieve a decent standard of living, this must be done by reducing income and wealth inequalities, decent jobs for all, good housing & inner city enviroments
  • Braithwaite&Lea - Crime can only be reduced/eliminated by improving peoples opportunities to achieve a decent standard of living, this must be done by reducing income and wealth inequalities, decent jobs for all, good housing & inner city enviroments
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2. What do left realists focus on?

  • Organization of society and the inequality, disadvantage and poverty which is the enviroment where crime may become the norm
  • Disorganization of society and the inequality, disadvantage and poverty which is the enviroment where crime may become the value
  • Organization of society and the inequality, advantage and poverty which is the enviroment where crime may become the norm

3. Who outlines another aspect of restorative justice?

  • Braithwaite - Reintregative shaming, labeling of the act as deviant not the person, offenders aware of impact but can change, encourages remourse this makes victims forgive more, allows society to readmit offender
  • Lea and Young - Reintregative shaming, labeling of the act as deviant not the person, offenders aware of impact but can change, encourages remourse this makes victims forgive more, allows society to readmit offender
  • Sherman and Strang - Reintregative shaming, labeling of the act as deviant not the person, offenders aware of impact but can change, encourages remourse this makes victims forgive more, allows society to readmit offender

4. How do Lea and Young think we should improve policing?

  • Use the assistance of the ethnic communities and tackle institutional negligence
  • Use the assistance of the local communities and tackle institutional racism
  • Use the assistance of the local communities and tackle institutional sexism

5. Who did a study on restorative justice and what did they find?

  • Braithwaite - General public had misconceptions about it, saw as weak and favouring offender but found victims favoured it as it reduced their fear of crime and anger at offender
  • Sherman and Strang - General public had misconceptions about it, saw as weak and favouring offender but found victims favoured it as it reduced their fear of crime and anger at offender
  • Lea and Young - General public had misconceptions about it, saw as weak and favouring offender but found victims favoured it as it reduced their fear of crime and anger at offender

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