Left Realist Solutions to Crime

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1. How does Braithwaite support his argument that reintrigative shaming works?

  • Reoffending and crime rates tend to be lower in societites where reintrigative and disintregative shaming is used
  • Reoffending and crime rates tend to be lower in societites where reintrigative rather than disintregative shaming is used
  • Reoffending and crime rates tend to be higher in societites where reintrigative rather than disintregative shaming is used
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2. What are the deeper structural causes of crime?

  • Unequal nature of prejudice society - Unequal wealth and opportunities causes culture of envy and undermines socialisation
  • Unequal nature of capitalist society - Unequal wealth and opportunities causes culture of envy and undermines social cohesion
  • Unequal nature of capitalist society - Unequal wealth and opportunities causes culture of crime and undermines social cohesion

3. How do left realists argue the structural causes of crime should be fixed?

  • Politicians need to change the economic and social conditions that cause crime esp males/ethnic minority
  • Politicians need to change the economic and social conditions that cause crime esp young/ethnic minority
  • Police need to change the practical and social conditions that cause crime esp young/ethnic minority

4. Who outlines another aspect of restorative justice?

  • Braithwaite - Reintregative shaming, labeling of the act as deviant not the person, offenders aware of impact but can change, encourages remourse this makes victims forgive more, allows society to readmit offender
  • Lea and Young - Reintregative shaming, labeling of the act as deviant not the person, offenders aware of impact but can change, encourages remourse this makes victims forgive more, allows society to readmit offender
  • Sherman and Strang - Reintregative shaming, labeling of the act as deviant not the person, offenders aware of impact but can change, encourages remourse this makes victims forgive more, allows society to readmit offender

5. What is restorative justice?

  • Encourages offender to take responsibility for their actions and repair the harm they have done by apologising to victims and giving back to the community
  • Encourages victim to take responsibility for their actions and repair the harm they have done by apologising to society and giving back to the community
  • Encourages offender to take responsibility for their actions and repair the harm they have done by apologising to police and giving back to the community

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