Left Realist explanations of crime

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1. What has increased the sense of relative deprivation in Late Modernity?

  • Greater inequality and individualism, Cultural inclusion (media promote consumerism) & economic exclusion (poor people excluded from oppurtunities)
  • Greater equality and individualism, Cultural exclusion (media promote consumerism) & economic exclusion (poor people excluded from oppurtunities)
  • Greater inequality and individualism, Cultural inclusion (media promote consumerism) & economic inclusion (rpoor people included in oppurtunities)
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2. What does Young say about the peroid we're living in?

  • Late Postmodernity - Insecurity, instability &exclusion make crime worse, deindustralisation, increased umemployement/poverty esp for young/ethnic minorities,destablished family/community life, less welfare spending, more marginalisation & exclusion
  • Late modernity - Insecurity, instability & exclusion make crime worse, deindustralisation, increased umemployement/poverty esp for young/ethnic minorities,destablished family/community life, less welfare spending, more marginalisation & exclusion
  • Late modernity - Insecurity, instability & exclusion make crime worse, deindustralisation, decreased umemployement/poverty esp for young/ethnic minorities,established family/community life, more welfare spending, less marginalisation & exclusion

3. What is the outcome of the three concepts?

  • Street crime and burglary commited largely by young males
  • Street crime and burglary commited largely by young females
  • Street crime and burglary commited largely by young males as ideological resistance

4. Who thinks realtive depravation leads to crime and how?

  • Lea and Young - Only when realtive depravation experience, rising expectations for high sdtandards of living & limited means to achieve sucess (unemployed), exposed to values (media) that middle-class lifestyles and patterns of consumption are best
  • Lea and Matthew - Only when realtive depravation experience, rising expectations for high sdtandards of living & limited means to achieve sucess (unemployed), exposed to values (media) that middle-class lifestyles and patterns of consumption are best
  • Jock and Young - Only when realtive depravation experience, rising expectations for high sdtandards of living & limited means to achieve sucess (unemployed), exposed to values (media) that middle-class lifestyles and patterns of consumption are best

5. Evaluation of individualism?

  • Young is wrong as crime rates are falling (OCS & CSEW), divorce rates decreasing so reduction in social breakdown
  • Young is right as crime rates are falling (OCS & CSEW), divorce rates decreasing so reduction in social breakdown
  • Young is wrong as crime rates are falling (OCS & CSEW), divorce rates increasing so increase in social breakdown

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