Left Realist explanations of crime

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1. What is an evaluation of Military style policing?

  • Makes sense to have more policing in urban areas with more violent crime, attempts have been made to improve relationships eg after McPherson report into insitutional racism, recruit more ethnic minority officers
  • Makes sense to have less policing in urban areas with more violent crime where officers could get hurt, attempts have been made to improve relationships eg after McPherson report into insitutional sexism, recruit more female officers
  • Makes sense to have more policing in rural areas with more violent crime, attempts have been made to improve relationships eg after McPherson report into insitutional racism, recruit more ethnic minority officers
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2. Which Left Realist studied three things and what were they?

  • Matthews - Realtive deprivation, Subculture & Marginalisation
  • Jock Young - Realtive deprivation, Subculture & Marginalisation
  • Lea - Realtive deprivation, Subculture & Marginalisation

3. What was Jones evaluation of Left Realism's explanation?

  • Fails to explain why not all who experience realtive deprivation commit crimes, never ask victims views on causes of crime, only use views of victims in urban areas where crime is higher - misleading of all crime
  • Fails to explain why not all who experience realtive deprivation commit crimes, always ask victims views on causes of crime, only use views of victims in rural areas where crime is lower - misleading of all crime
  • Fails to explain real causes of street crime, little evidence for offender's motives, Over-relies on flawed subcultural theory - Revived useful concepts, relative deprivation & problem street crime is for weaker groups, doesnt attack/glorify police

4. What are three main concepts of Left Realism's explanation of crime?

  • Use official stastics for trends and patterns to response to crime but dont belive they are entirely accurate, Want to shape policies to solve crime so want gov to accept proposals, Focus on impact of crime individuals & communities
  • Use official stastics for trends and patterns to response to crime and belive they are entirely accurate, Want to shape policies to solve crime so want gov to accept proposals, Focus on impact of crime individuals & communities
  • Dont use official stastics for trends and patterns to response to crime as dont belive they are accurate, Want to shape policies to solve crime so want gov to accept proposals, Focus on impact of crime individuals & communities

5. What did Young believe socilogists role was in crime and deviance?

  • Provide revelant & credible solutions for policies to limit harm crime does to poorer sections of the community
  • Provide revelant & credible solutions for policies to stop harm deviance does to poorer sections of the community
  • Provide theoritical solutions for policies to limit harm crime does to poorer sections of the community

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