Left Realism

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What political party is an example of a Left Realist group?
The Labour Party
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Who are the main Left Realist sociologists?
Lea and Young
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What do Lea and Young think is increasing the utilitarian crime rate?
Relative Deprivation
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What is relative deprivation?
It refers to how deprived someone feels in relation to others.
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How does this lead to crime?
When someone feels as though other people unfairly have more than them, then they might result to crime in order to get what they feel they're entitled to.
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What is raising people's awareness of relative deprivation, and therefore increasing the amount of utilitarian crime?
The media. Advertisements are promoting expensive products, and people who cannot afford them have to get them through crime instead.
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What do Lea and Young think is causing a rise in non-utilitarian crime?
Marginalisation
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What is marginalisation?
Social exclusion, being at a disadvantage in society.
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Which group of people are marginalised?
Young, unemployed people.
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How does marginalisation stop them from achieving their goals? (hint: organisations)
They don't have clear goals, & they don't have professional organisations to help them to achieve them. Because of their frustration at their lack of power, they express this through violence and rioting.
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What is Henry et al's negative evaluative point about Lea and Young's ideas?
That they ignore middle-class crime, and focus too much on the working-class.
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How do Left Realists think we should tackle crime? (hint: discrimination)
People have unequal opportunities in life, and this is why crime is committed. To reduce the amount of crime, the government must tackle discrimination. This will improve non-utilitarian crime because people won't feel frustrated.
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What else must the government do?
They must improve the quality of housing and must provide decent jobs for everybody. This will reduce utilitarian crime, as people will have enough money to live by.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who are the main Left Realist sociologists?

Back

Lea and Young

Card 3

Front

What do Lea and Young think is increasing the utilitarian crime rate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is relative deprivation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How does this lead to crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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