Left and Right Realism

Similarities between Left and Right Realism
Both emerged from politicalisation of crime. Focused on new causes of crime. Agree police are limited.
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Realism
Acceptance of a situation and offering a solution or means to a deal.
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Left Emergence
1980's - response to political change
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Left Party
Labour (Left Wing)
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Right Emergence
Created in response to political importance of crime (1970's).
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Social Climate of Right Realism
Weak economy, high unemployment, political activism, high crime rate - fertile ground for manipulation
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Right Party
Conservatives (Thatcher - Right Wing)
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Left Crime
Real problem - effcted by deprivation. Deals with visible crime and believes it is a result of poor interactions between the offenders, victim, law enforcement and public.
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Left Blame
Blames society but acknowledges individual choices. Criminality as a combination of moral panic and criminalisation of ruling elites.
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Right Crime
Real problem- fear of crime is justified, therefore prioritize visible crime and ignore victim less crime.
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Right Blame
Blames individual for choosing to break great society rules.
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Left Theories
1. Strain Theory Merton 1938, 2. Lea and Young 1984, 3. Square of Crime - Jock Young 1986
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Right Theories
1. Underclass - Charles Murray 1990, 2. Ration Choice Theory 1979
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Kelling and Wilson 1982
'Broken Windows Theory' - If a area is left unattened and cared for it can reslut in further crime as individuals believe they can either get away with it or the society just doesn't care.
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Strain Theory
Left Realism Theory - individuals desire for things that they cannot achieve causing strain.
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Lea and Young 1984
Left Realism Theory - crime is rooted to social conditions related to; relative deprivation, subcultures and marginalization.
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Square of Crime
Left Realism Theory - Crime is caused by poor interactions between; the offender, victim, law enforcement and public.
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'Underclass'
Right Realism Theory - A new class of worklessness, lacking moral views and poor family structures (state dependent).
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Rational Choice
individuals choice to carry out a crime weighing variables: motivation, targets and guardians.
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Crime Prevention (Left)
1. Victimisation Surveys (Lea and Young), 2. Neighborhood watch, 3. Restorative Justice.
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Crime Prevention (Right)
1. Punitive Punishment (prison), 2. Situation (Felson 1998), 3. Environmental
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Acceptance of a situation and offering a solution or means to a deal.

Back

Realism

Card 3

Front

1980's - response to political change

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Labour (Left Wing)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Created in response to political importance of crime (1970's).

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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