Lecture 8

What types of depression are there?
Unipolar, Bipolar, Dysthymia, Minor and seasonal affective
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What does Abrahamson say are the three key attributional processes related to depression?
Internal/external, stable/unstable, and global/specific. Negative events are resultant from internal cause, are stable in occurrence and happen globally in their life
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What three things does Beck say depressed individuals respond to events with?
Absolutist thinking, over generalisation and personalisation
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What are the crtieria for minor depression?
Only 2 symptoms needed. 29% prevalence in study.
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What is dysthymia?
Depressive mood constantly for over 2 years, fewer depressive symptoms than unipolar
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What types of antidepressants are there?
Tricyclics, SSRIs, SNRIs and MAOI's
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What other treatments are there for depression?
Electroconvulsive therapy and psychological therapy (CBT)
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Where is serotonin found and what is its precursor and enzyme?
Dorsal raphe, tryptophan and tryptophan hydroxylase
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How to MAOI's work?
Destroys excess monoamines in the terminal buttons, inhibits activity of MAO which increases release of DA, NA, 5HT
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WHat do trycyclics affect?
5HT and NA
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What is the monoamine hypothesis of depression?
Insufficient acitivty of monoaminergic neurons, especially serotonin and NA
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What is odd about the therapeutic action of antidepressants?
They tend to be slow (several days and weeks)
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What does electroconvulsive therapy achieve?
Increases sensitivity of postsynaptic neurons to serotonin in hippocampus and increase GABA
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Card 2

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What does Abrahamson say are the three key attributional processes related to depression?

Back

Internal/external, stable/unstable, and global/specific. Negative events are resultant from internal cause, are stable in occurrence and happen globally in their life

Card 3

Front

What three things does Beck say depressed individuals respond to events with?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What are the crtieria for minor depression?

Back

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Card 5

Front

What is dysthymia?

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